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What US state capital lies in the Valley of the Sun?

U.S. States 

U.S. STATES:

Alabama:  The Yellow Hammer State, The Heart of Dixie
Capital.................................................. Montgomery (first Confederate capital)
Largest city............................................. Birmingham (Pittsburgh of the South)
Port.................................................................................................. Mobile
Bay............................................................................................. Mobile Bay
NASA city........................................ Huntsville (home to Marshall Flight Center)
University .............................................. University of Alabama (Crimson Tide)
Governor three times ............................................................. George Wallace
Female governor, 1967-71....................................................... Lurleen Wallace
Indians .............................................................................................. Creek
Forest..................................................................... Talladega National Forest

Alaska:  The Last Frontier, Russian America (Largest state, least in population density)
Capital.................................................... Juneau (largest state capital in area)
Largest city............................................................. Anchorage (on Cook Inlet)
Second largest city...................... Fairbanks (named after V.P. Charles Fairbanks)
Oil shipping port................................................................................ Valdez
Northern-most U.S. point............................................................. Point Barrow
Nicknames ..................................................... Seward’s Folly, Seward’s Icebox
Largest Island.......................................................................... Kodiak Island
Island chain................................................................................... Aleutians
River ................................................................................................ Yukon
Northern mountain range .......................................................... Brooks Range
Peninsulas ................................................ Alaska Peninsula, Seward Peninsula
Strait ....................................................................................... Bering Strait
Inlet............................................................................................ Cook Inlet
Sea ............................................................................................ Bering Sea
Bering Sea islands............................................. Pribilof Islands, Little Diamede
Sound .......................................................................... Prince William Sound
Northern bay................................................... Prudhoe Bay (oil drilling center)
National parks....................................... Denali, Glacier Bay, Gates of the Arctic
Holiday ................................................................................... Seward’s Day
Eskimos ...........................................................................................  Inuits
University ................................................... University of Alaska at Anchorage
Pop singer .......................................................................................... Jewel

Arizona:  The Grand Canyon State
Capital and largest city .................. Phoenix (largest state capital in population)
Second largest city............................................................................ Tucson
Phoenix valley..................................................................... Valley of the Sun
Largest Indian tribe .......................................................................... Navajo
Lake............................................... Lake Havasu (home to the London Bridge)
River ............................................................................................ Colorado
Forest ........................................................................ Tonto National Forest
National park ......................................................................... Grand Canyon
Ancient forest ruins ............................................................... Petrified Forest
Desert ............................................................................................ Sonora
“Colorful” desert ................................................................... Painted Desert
Valley filmed in many westerns ............................................ Monument Valley
Dam........................................................ Hoover Dam (formerly Boulder Dam)
Hoover Dam lake ......................................................................... Lake Mead
Mine ............................................................................ Lost Dutchman Mine
Governor ................................................................................ Bruce Babbitt
Senator, 1953-65, 1979-87......................................................Barry Goldwater
Longtime congressman ............................................................... Carl Hayden
Supreme Court justices ........................ William Rehnquist, Sandra Day O’Connor
Universities ..................................... University of Arizona at Tucson (Wildcats)
..............................................  Arizona State University at Tempe (Sun Devils)
Pro sports teams:
NBA........................................................................................ Phoenix Suns
NFL .................................................................................. Arizona Cardinals
NHL.................................................................................... Phoenix Coyotes
MLB ........................................................................... Arizona Diamondbacks

Arkansas:  The Land of Opportunity
Capital and largest city................................................................. Little Rock
Mountains........................................................................................ Ozarks
Rivers ................................................................................... Arkansas, Red
National park.............................................................................. Hot Springs
State park ...................................................................... Crater of Diamonds
President.................................................................................... Bill Clinton
Clinton’s home town ............................................................................ Hope
Senators ...................................................... Dale Bumpers, William Fulbright
Governors .............................. Bill Clinton, Dale Bumpers, Winthrop Rockefeller
Bentonville business...................................................................... Wal-Mart

California:  The Golden State ( most populous state)
Capital ..................................................................................... Sacramento
Largest city............................................................................... Los Angeles
Second largest city ....................................................................... San Diego
Mountains ............................... Sierra Nevada (where Donner Party met its fate)
National parks .............................. Yosemite, King’s Canyon, Redwood, Sequoia
Fault line ......................................................................... San Andreas Fault
USA’s lowest elevation............................................................... Death Valley
Lake ......................................................................................... Lake Tahoe
Wine country ............................................................................. Napa Valley
Desert ............................................................................................ Mojave
Forest ....................................................................... Shasta National Forest
Winter Olympics site, 1960 .......................................................  Squaw Valley
San Diego founder ................................................................... Junipero Serra
Los Angeles asphalt bog ........................................................ La Brea Tar Pits
Landmark glass church ......................................................... Crystal Cathedral
Presidents ................................ Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan (born in Illinois)
Senators ......................................................... Diane Feinstein, Barbara Boxer
Governors........................ Pete Wilson, Ronald Reagan, Jerry Brown, Earl Warren
Universities ............................................................................ UCLA (Bruins)
........................................................... University of California (Golden Bears)
............................................................................................. USC (Trojans)
...................................................................................... Stanford (Cardinal)
................................................................................... Cal Tech at Pasadena
.................................................................................... Pepperdine at Malibu
............................................. Scripps Institution of Oceanography at San Diego
............................................................................ University of San Francisco
Pro Sports teams:
NFL..................................................................................... Oakland Raiders
...................................................................................... San Diego Chargers
...................................................................................... San Francisco 49ers
NBA ......................................... Los Angeles Lakers (formerly Minnesota Lakers)
.................................................................................... Los Angeles Clippers
................................................................................... Golden State Warriors
........................................................................................ Sacramento Kings
NHL.................................................................................. Los Angeles Kings
.................................................................................  Anaheim Mighty Ducks
........................................................................................... San Jose Sharks
MLB................................................................................... San Diego Padres
...........................................  Los Angeles Dodgers (formerly Brooklyn Dodgers)
...................................................................................... Los Angeles Angels
.............................................. San Francisco Giants (formerly New York Giants)
............................................ Oakland Athletics (formerly Kansas City Athletics)

Colorado:   Centennial State (joined the union in 1876)
Capital and largest city................................................ Denver (Mile High City)
Second largest city............................................................... Colorado Springs
Mountains ....................................... Mt. Elbert (Colorado’s tallest), Pike’s Peak
National parks..................................................... Rocky Mountain, Mesa Verde
Gorge....................................................................................... Royal Gorge
Silver mine city ................................. Leadville (highest incorporated U.S. city)
Denver natural amphitheater.......................................................... Red Rocks
Congresswoman ................................................................ Patricia Schroeder
University ................................... University of Colorado at Boulder (Buffaloes)
Pro sports teams:
NBA .................................................................................. Denver Nuggets
NFL..................................................................................... Denver Broncos
NHL......................................... Colorado Avalanche (former Quebec Nordiques)
MLB................................................................................. Colorado Rockies

Connecticut:   The Nutmeg State, The Constitution State
Capital..................................... Hartford (The Insurance Capital of the World)
Largest city................................................................................ Bridgeport
Female Governor ....................................................................... Ella Grasso
Congresswoman ................................................................. Clair Booth Luce
Senators ............................................... Christopher Dodd, Joseph Lieberman
Universities.................................................... Yale at New Haven (Bulldogs)
................................................. University of Connecticut at Storrs (Huskies)

Delaware:  The First State, The Blue Hen State
Capital............................................................................................. Dover
Largest city................................................................................ Wilmington
Number of counties............................................................................. Three
Namesake ............................................................................ Lord de la War

 Florida:  The Sunshine State
Capital..................................................................................... Tallahassee
Largest city............................................................................... Jacksonville
Governor....................................................................................... Jeb Bush
Space center .................................................... John F. Kennedy Space Center
Space port at Cape Kennedy ................................................... Cape Canaveral
First settlement........................................................................ St. Augustine
Lake......................................................................................... Okeechobee
Swamp ................................................................ Okefenokee (with Georgia)
Island chain.............................................................................. Florida Keys
Major keys ............................................. Key Largo, Key West (farthest south)
National parks ........................................................ Everglades, Dry Tortugas
Universities ........................ Florida State University (Seminoles) at Tallahassee
.................................................... University of Florida (Gators) at Gainesville
.................................................................... University of Miami (Hurricanes)
Pro sports teams:
NBA..................................................................... Orlando Magic, Miami Heat
NFL...................... Miami Dolphins, Jacksonville Jaguars, Tampa Bay Buccaneers
NHL..................................................... Florida Panthers ,Tampa Bay Lightning
MLB...................................................... Miami Marlins, Tampa Bay Devil Rays

Georgia:  The Peach State, The Empire State of the South, largest state east of the Mississippi
Capital and largest city..................................................................... Atlanta
Second largest city ....................................................................... Columbus
Port ............................................................................................ Savannah
Founder............................................................................. James Oglethorpe
Mountain near Atlanta............................................................ Stone Mountain
Mountains.................................................................... Blue Ridge Mountains
Swamp...................................................................................... Okefenokee
Universities ....................................... Georgia Tech at Atlanta (Yellow Jackets)
...................................................... University of Georgia at Athens (Bulldogs)
...................................................................................... Spelman at Atlanta
Pro sports teams:
NFL..................................................................................... Atlanta Falcons
NBA .................................................................................... Atlanta Hawks
NHL................................................................................. Atlanta Thrashers
MLB .................................................................................... Atlanta Braves
 
Hawaii:   The Aloha State (was independent country from 1849-89)
Capital and largest city .................................................................. Honolulu
King....................................................................................... Kamehameha
Queen....................................................................................... Liliuokalani
Major islands:............................................................ Hawaii (The Big Island)
................................................................................... Kauai (oldest island)
........................................................................ Lanai (The Pineapple Island)
............................................... Molokai (Leper Island, home to Father Damian)
....................................................................... Oahu  (most populace island)
............................................................................. Maui (The Garden Island)
National parks...................................... Volcano’s on Hawaii, Haleakala on Maui
Oahu mountain....................................................................... Diamond Head
North Oahu surfing area ......................................................... Bonsai Pipeline
Harbor...................................................................................... Pearl Harbor
State bird...................................................................Nene (Hawaiian goose)
Beach party ........................................................................................ Luau
Dance ................................................................................................ Hula
Cooked taro dish ................................................................................... Poi
Polynesian god.................................................................................... Maui

Idaho:   The Gem State
Capital and largest city ....................................................................... Boise
River ............................................................................................... Snake
Canyon ................................................. Hell’s Canyon (deepest gorge in U.S.)
Monument ......................................................................Craters of the Moon
Ski resort.....................................................................................Sun Valley
FBI standoff site, 1992 ............................................................... Ruby Ridge

Illinois:  The Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Capital........................................................................................ Springfield
Largest city..................................................................................... Chicago
President............................................................................. Abraham Lincoln
Longtime senator................................................................... Everett Dirkson
Female senator ............................................................... Carol Moseley-Braun
Governors ....................................................... Adlai Stevenson, Jim Thompson
Poet ...................................................................................... Carl Sandburg
Poet Laureate ................................................................... Gwendolyn Brooks
Universities .......................... University of Illinois at Champaign (Fighting Illini)
.................................Northwestern University at Chicago & Evanston (Wildcats)
......................................................................................... Bradley at Peoria
........................................................................................ Loyola at Chicago
........................................................................................DePaul at Chicago
................................................................. Illinois State University at Normal
Pro sports teams:
NBA ....................................................................................... Chicago Bulls
NFL........................................................................................ Chicago Bears
NHL............................................................................... Chicago Blackhawks
MLB ........................................................... Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox

Indiana:  The Hoosier State (smallest state west of the Appalachians)
Capital and largest city .............................................................. Indianapolis
Lake Michigan port .............................................................................. Gary
River ............................................................................................. Wabash
Vice President............................................................................ Dan Quayle
Governor .................................................................................... Evan Bayh
Poet............................................................................James Whitcomb Riley
Universities ...................................... Purdue at West Lafayette (Boilermakers)
..................................................... Notre Dame at South Bend (Fighting Irish)
Pro Sports teams:
NBA ............................................................ Indiana Pacers (came from ABA)
NFL .............................................. Indianapolis Colts (former Baltimore Colts)

Iowa: The Hawkeye State
Capital and largest city................................................................. Des Moines
River ......................................................................................... Des Moines
President............................................................................... Herbert Hoover
Author .................................................................................... James Waller
Artist ....................................................................................... Grant Wood
Universities .................................... University of Iowa at Iowa City (Hawkeyes)
...................................................................... Iowa State at Ames (Cyclones)
..................................................................... Drake at Des Moines (Bulldogs)

Kansas:   The Sunflower State
Capital ............................................................................................ Topeka
Largest city...................................................................................... Wichita
Historic western city .................................................................... Dodge City
Northern point of Chisholm Trail...........................................................Topeka
Topeka clinic........................................................................ Menninger Clinic
Senators ................................. Bob Dole, Alf Landon, Nancy Landon Kassebaum
Bob Dole’s home town ....................................................................... Russell
Universities .................................. University of Kansas at Lawrence (Jayhawks)
............................................................ Kansas State at Manhattan (Wildcats)

Kentucky:  The Bluegrass State (Commonwealth, Abe Lincoln’s birthplace)
Capital.......................................................................................... Frankfort
Largest city................................................................................... Louisville
First capital ........................................................................... Bowling Green
City named after Massachusetts city ................................................ Lexington
U.S. gold reserve............................................................................ Fort Knox
Museum.................................................................... Kentucky Derby Museum
National park......................................................................... Mammoth Cave
Universities.................................................. University of Kentucky (Wildcats)
................................................................. University of Louisville (Cardinals)

Louisiana:  The Pelican State
Capital ............................................................................ Baton Rouge
Largest city.......................................New Orleans (The Big Easy, The Crescent City)
Largest lake................................................................. Lake Pontchartrain
Assassinated governor ................................................Huey Long (“Kingfish”)
French Canadian descendants............................................................ Cajuns
County-like divisions....................................................................... Parishes
New Orleans historic area ....................................................... French Quarter
New Orleans historic hall...................................................... Preservation Hall
New Orleans square................................................................Jackson Square
Universities ........................ Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge (Tigers)
............................................................ Tulane at New Orleans (Green Wave)
................................................................................ Loyola at New Orleans
................................................................. Southern University at Shreveport
Pro sport teams:
NFL............................................................................... New Orleans Saints
NBA............................................................................ New Orleans Pelicans

Maine: The Pine Tree State (the only state bordered by only one other state)
Capital........................................................................................... Augusta
Largest city.................................................................................... Portland
Overseas refueling stop..................................................................... Bangor
National Park ................................................................................... Acadia
River ......................................................................................... Kennebunk
Author.................................................................................... Stephen King
Senator....................................................................... Margaret Chase Smith
Oldest College.................................................................................Bowdoin
19th century Secretary of State.................................................. James Blaine
20th century Secretary of State................................................Edmund Muskie

Maryland:  The Old Line State, The Star Spangled Banner State
Capital.................................................. Annapolis (named after Queen Anne)
Largest city.................................................................................. Baltimore
Flower ............................................................................. Black-Eyed Susan
Founder ................................................................................. Cecil Calvert
Bay .................................................................................. Chesapeake Bay
Island ..................................................................................... Kent Island
Fort ....................................................................................... Fort McHenry
Baltimore critic....................................................................... H. L. Mencken
Baltimore poet and author.....................................................Edgar Allen Poe
Vice president ......................................................................... Spiro Agnew
Representative and senator ..................................................  Barbra Mikulski
Universities ........................................................ Johns Hopkins at Baltimore
.............................................. U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis (Midshipmen)
Pro sports teams:
NFL ................................... Baltimore Ravens (named after Poe’s “The Raven”)
NBA...................................... Baltimore Wizards (formerly Washington Bullets)
MLB............................................ Baltimore Orioles (formerly St. Louis Browns)

Massachusetts:  The Bay State (Commonwealth)
Capital and largest city...................................................................... Boston
Boston church/landmark ...................................................... Old North Church
Boston park ........................................................................ Boston Common
Boston hall .............................................................................. Faneuil Hall
Witch trial city, 1697 ........................................................................  Salem
Lizzy Borden’s home town............................................................... Fall River
Music festival city ...................................................................... Tanglewood
Resort islands.......................................... Martha’s Vineyard, Nantucket Island
Capes .......................................................................... Cape Ann, Cape Cod
Bays................................................................. Buzzard’s Bay, Cape Cod Bay
Sound ............................................................................... Nantucket Sound
Lowell artist ......................................................................... James Whistler
Hills............................................................................................ Berkshires
Amherst poet ....................................................................... Emily Dickinson
Salem author................................................................. Nathaniel Hawthorne
Presidents ........................... John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John F. Kennedy
Senators ..................................... Ted Kennedy, Henry Cabot Lodge, John Kerry
Governors............................................................ Hugh Carey, Calvin Coolidge
Universities ...................................................................... Harvard (Bulldogs)
........................................................... Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Pro sports teams:
NFL............................................................................... New England Patriots
NBA........................................................................................ Boston Celtics
NHL......................................................................................... Boston Bruins
MLB...................................................................................... Boston Red Sox

Michigan:   The Wolverine State
Capital ........................................................................................... Lansing
Largest city....................................................................................... Detroit
National park ................................................................................ Isle Royal
Strait................................................................................. Strait of Mackinac
President ................................................................................... Gerald Ford
Governor .............................................................................. George Romney
Playwright and essayist................................................................Arthur Miller
Universities ............................. University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (Wolverines)
............................................... Michigan State University at Lansing (Spartans)
Pro sports teams:
NFL ......................................................................................... Detroit Lions
NBA....................................................................................... Detroit Pistons
NHL.................................................................................. Detroit Red Wings
MLB......................................................................................... Detroit Tigers

Minnesota:   The Gopher State, Land of 10,000 Lakes (farthest north lower 48 states)
Capital............................................................................................. St. Paul
Largest city................................................................................. Minneapolis
Port .................................................................................................. Duluth
Rochester clinic ............................................................ Mayo (Brothers) Clinic
Mountain range..................................... Masabi (known for its iron ore deposits)
Source of Mississippi River ........................................................... Lake Itasca
National park................................................................................. Voyagers
Sauk Center author.................................................................... Sinclair Lewis
Walnut Grove author ........................................................ Laura Ingalls Wilder
Vice presidents................................... Hubert Humphrey, Walter (Fritz) Mondale
Governor/actor....................................................... Jesse (“The Body”) Ventura
Senator/comedian..........................................................................Al Franken
University ......................... University of Minnesota at St. Paul (Golden Gophers)
Pro sports teams:
NFL................................................................................... Minnesota Vikings
NBA ......................................................................... Minnesota Timberwolves
NHL...................................................................................... Minnesota Wild
MLB........................................ Minnesota Twins (formerly Washington Senators)

Mississippi:   The Magnolia State
Capital and largest city .............................. Jackson (named for Andrew Jackson)
Ports..................................................................................... Biloxi, Gulfport
Senator........................................................................................ Trent Lott
Oxford author....................................................................... William Faulkner
Elvis Presley’s birthplace...................................................................... Tupelo
Short story writer ..................................................................... Eudora Welty
Indian trail.............................................................................. Natchez Trace
University..................................... University of Mississippi at Oxford (Ole Miss)

Missouri:   The Show Me State
Capital .................................................................................  Jefferson City
Largest city............................................................................... Kansas City
Start of the Pony Express............................................................... St. Joseph
Harry Truman’s home............................................................... Independence
Mountains....................................................................................... Ozarks
Muralist ....................................................................... Thomas Hart Benton
Astronomer ............................................................................ Edwin Hubble
Hannibal author...........................................................................Mark Twain
Outlaws............................................................................. The James Gang
President................................................................................ Harry Truman
Senators ...................................................... Thomas Eagleton, John Danforth
Universities .................................... University of Missouri at Columbia (Tigers)
....................................................  Washington University in St. Louis (Bears)
Pro sports teams:
NFL.......................................................... St. Louis Rams, Kansas City Chiefs
NHL..................................................................................... St. Louis Blues
MLB.................................................... St. Louis Cardinals, Kansas City Royals

Montana:   The Treasure State
Capital.................................................... Helena (home of Last Chance Gulch)
Largest city...................................................................................... Billings
River ............................................................................................. Missouri
Battlefield.............................................................................. Little Big Horn
National parks...........................................................Glacier, Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park (shared with Canada)
University ................................................... University of Montana at Missoula

Nebraska:  The Cornhusker State, The Beef State
Capital............................................................................................. Lincoln
Legislature type .................................................. Unicameral (only one house)
Largest city....................................................................................... Omaha
River ..................................................................................... (North) Platte
Home for boys near Omaha................................................................... Town
Author ..................................................................................... Willa Cather
Comedian .............................................................................. Johnny Carson
Politician ......................  William Jennings Bryan (3-time presidential candidate)
University ................................ University of Nebraska at Lincoln (Cornhuskers)

Nevada:   The Silver State, The Battle Born State, The Sagebrush State
Capital .................................................. Carson City (named after Kit Carson)
Largest city.................................................................................. Las Vegas
Second largest city............................................................................... Reno
Largest river.................................................................................. Humboldt
Reno River ...................................................................................... Truckee
Silver mine ............................................................................ Comstock lode
Comstock lode city ..................................................................... Virginia City
Lake......................................................... Lake Tahoe (shared with California)

New Hampshire: The Granite State
Capital ........................................................................................... Concord
Largest city................................................................................. Manchester
Port ........................................................................................... Portsmouth
Mountain .............................................................................  Mt. Washington
Mountain range ................................................................. Presidential Range
Prep school ........................................................................................ Exeter
President................................................................................. Franklin Pierce

New Jersey:  The Garden State (most densely-populated state)
Capital............................................................................................. Trenton
Largest city....................................................................................... Newark
Gambling city ............................................................................. Atlantic City
Cape ............................................................................................ Cape May
Governors ..............................................Chris Christie, Christine Todd Whitman
Senator ...................................................................................... Bill Bradley
Universities ................................................................................... Princeton
............................................................................. Rutgers at New Brunswick
Pro sports teams:
NFL............................................................... New York Giants, New York Jets
NHL.................................................................................. New Jersey Devils

New Mexico:   The Land of Enchantment
Capital .......................................................................................... Santa Fe
Largest city and home to annual balloon fiesta................................Albuquerque
Ski city ............................................................................................... Taos
Taos author..............................................................................D.H. Lawrence
Taos artist............................................................................Georgia O'Keeffe
UFO crash site ................................................................................. Roswell
Atomic research center ................................................................. Los Alamos
First atomic bomb site ........................................................................ Trinity
City near Trinity .......................................................................... Alamogordo
River ........................................................................ Rio Grande (“Big River”)
State bird ................................................................................... Roadrunner
National park .....................................................................  Carlsbad Caverns
National monument ........................................ White Sands National Monument
University ................................University of New Mexico at Albuquerque (Lobos)

New York:   The Empire State
Capital ................................................................ Albany (site of Fort Orange)
Largest city ............................................................................  New York City
New York City burroughs..............................................................................
................. Manhatattan, Queens, Brooklyn (most populous), Bronx, Statin Island
Second largest city ............................................................................. Buffalo
Long Island nuclear research center..................... Brookhaven National Laboratory
Northern mountains ..................................................................... Adirondacks
Southern mountains ......................................................................... Catskills
River ............................................................................................... Hudson
Hudson tributary .............................................................................. Mohawk
Lakes ................................ Finger Lakes, Lake Champlain (shared with Vermont)
Winter Olympics site, 1932, 1980.................................................... Lake Placid
Presidents...................................................... Martin van Buren, Chester Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt
Vice Presidents ................................................... Aaron Burr, Nelson Rockefeller
Governors ..........................................................Andrew Cuomo, Dewitt Clinton,
Al Smith, Thomas Dewey, Nelson Rockefeller, Mario Cuomo, Hugh Carey
Senators................................ Daniel Moynihan, Alfonse D’Amato, Hillary Clinton
New York City mayors..................................Mike Bloomberg, Fiorello La Guardia,
Mario Cuomo, Ed Koch, David Dinkins, Rudolph Giuliani
Universities ............................................... City University of New York (CUNY)
..................................................................................... Colgate at Hamilton
............................................................................. Columbia at New York City
.......................................................................................... Cornell at Ithaca
................................................................................. Syracuse  (Orangemen)
................................................................................ Vassar at Poughkeepsie
Pro sports teams:
NFL........................................................................................... Buffalo Bills
NBA ................................................................................... New York Knicks
NBA ....................................................................................... Brooklyn Nets
NHL................................ Buffalo Sabres, New York Islanders, New York Rangers
MLB ........................................................... New York Mets, New York Yankees

North Carolina:   The Tarheel State
Capital............................................................................................. Raleigh
Largest city.................................................................................... Charlotte
Mountains ..................................... Blue Ridge Mountains (shared with Georgia)
National park .......................... Great Smoky Mountains (shared with Tennessee)
Capes .................................................................... Cape Hatteras, Cape Fear
Sounds............................................................................ Pamilco, Albemarle
Island............................................................................................ Roanoke
Cradle of aviation ........................................................................ Kitty Hawk
Author .................................................................................. Thomas Wolfe
Senators ................................................................... Sam Irvin, Jesse Helms
Universities ...................................................... Duke at Durham (Blue Devils)
........................................University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Tarheels)
..............................................Wake Forest at Winston-Salem (Demon Decons)
......................................................North Carolina State at Raleigh (Wolfpack)
Pro sports teams:
NF.....................................................................................Carolina Panthers
NHL................................................................................ Carolina Hurricanes

North Dakota: The Peace Garden State, The Sioux State (geographic center of
North America)
Capital ..........................................................................................Bismarck
Largest city.........................................................................................Fargo
Rivers ..........................................................Red River (of the North), Missouri
National park ...................................................................Theodore Roosevelt

Ohio:   The Buckeye State
Capital .........................................................................................Columbus
Largest city................................................................Cleveland (on Lake Erie)
First capital.................................................................................. Zanesville
Pro Football Hall of Fame ................................................................... Canton
Rubber capital .................................................................................... Akron
Wright Brothers city .........................................................................  Dayton
Presidents .....................................................U. S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes,
James Garfield, William McKinley, William Taft
Senator ...................................................................................... John Glenn
Author......................................................................................Toni Morrison
Universities .................................................. Ohio State University (Buckeyes)
..................................................................University of Cincinnati (Bearcats)
............................................................................................. Miami of Ohio 
Pro sports teams:
NFL...................................................................................Cincinnati Bengals
NBA ................................................................................Cleveland Cavaliers
NHL.............................................................................Columbus Blue Jackets
MLB.............................................................Cleveland Indians, Cincinnati Reds

Oklahoma:   The Sooner State
Capital and largest city ............................................................ Oklahoma City
Second largest city ................................... Tulsa (“The Oil Capital of the World”)
Universities ................................... University of Oklahoma at Norman (Sooners)
............................................ Oklahoma State University at Stillwater (Cowboys)
.................................................................................... Oral Roberts at Tulsa
Pro sports team:
NBA............................................................................ Oklahoma City Thunder

Oregon:  The Beaver State
Capital............................................................................................... Salem
Largest city...................................................................................... Portland
End of Oregon Trail.................................... Astoria (named for John Jacob Astor)
Rivers........................................................................... Columbia, Willamette
Senator.................................................. Bob Packwood (forced to resign, 1995)
National park................................................................................ Crater Lake
Crater Lake island.................................................................... Wizard’s Island
Waterfall................................................................................... Klamath Falls
Ill-fated track star.................................................................Steve Prefontaine
Universities............................................University of Oregon at Eugene (Ducks) .......................................................................Willamette University at Salem
Pro sports team:
NBA .............................................................................. Portland Trailblazers

Pennsylvania:   The Keystone State (Commenwelth)
Capital........................................................................................ Harrisburg
Largest city................................................................................ Philadelphia
Philadelphia statehouse..................................................... Independence Hall
Philadelphia seat of Continental Congress, 1774 ....................... Carpenter’s Hall
Second largest city ....................................................................... Pittsburgh
Port .................................................................................................... Erie
Flood city .................................................................................... Johnstown
Chocolate-making city ...................................................................... Hershey
Founder .................................................................................. William Penn
Nationality of first settlers ................................................................Swedish
Religious sects .................................................. Pennsylvania Dutch, Quakers
Pittsburgh rivers ............................................... Allegheny, Monongahela, Ohio
Universities .................................. Penn State at State College (Nittany Lions),
Pittsburgh University (Panthers)  Lehigh at Bethlehem
Pro Sports teams:
NFL..................................................... Philadelphia Eagles, Pittsburgh Steelers
NBA ................................................................................. Philadelphia 76ers
NHL..................................................... Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins
MLB ..................................................... Philadelphia Phillies, Pittsburgh Pirates

Rhode Island (and Providence Plantations):The Ocean State (the smallest state)
Capital and largest city ......................... Providence (founded by Roger Williams)
Port and jazz festival city ................................................................. Newport
Bay ................................................................................... Narragansett Bay
Painter ..................................................................................  Gilbert Stuart

South Carolina:   The Palmetto State
Capital and largest city................................................................... Columbia
Port ........................................................................................... Charleston
Beach....................................................................................... Myrtle Beach
Island............................................................................... Hilton Head Island
River ............................................................................................ Savannah
Fort........................................................................................... Fort Sumter
“Swamp Fox” .......................................................................... Francis Marion
Spanish Explorer .............................................................................  Gardillo
Senator .............................................................................. Strom Thurmond
Strom Thurmond supporters.......................................................... “Dixiecrats”
Military academy ........................................................................ The Citadel

South Dakota:   The Sunshine State, The Coyote State
Capital.............................................................................................. Pierre
Largest city................................................................................. Sioux Falls
Hills........................................................................................... Black Hills
National monument................................................................. Mt. Rushmore
River............................................................................................. Missouri
Motorcycle rally city............................................................................Sturgis
National parks ..............................................................  Badlands, Windcave

Tennessee:   The Volunteer State
Capital..................................................................Nashville (Music City, USA)
Largest city................................................................................... Memphis
Civil War capital ...................................................................  Bowling Green
World’s Fair city............................................................................. Knoxville
Nuclear research center................................................................. Oak Ridge
Highest point .................................................................... Clingman’s Dome
National park............................................................ Great Smoky Mountains
Bird ............................................................................... Tennessee Warbler
Horse.............................................................................. Tennessee Walker
Presidents ................................. Andrew Jackson, Andrew Johnson, James Polk
Vice president.................................................................................. Al Gore
Senators ......................................................... Howard Baker, Fred Thompson
Congressman ......................................................................... Davy Crockett
Governor............................................................................ Lamar Alexander
Universities .........................  University of Tennessee at Knoxville (Volunteers)
........................................................... Vanderbilt at Nashville (Commodores)
Pro sports team:
NFL................................................. Tennessee Titans (former Houston Oilers)

Texas:  The Lone Star State (second largest state; independent country, 1836-45)
Capital.............................................................................................. Austin
Largest city..................................................................................... Houston
Second largest city........................... Dallas (named after V.P. George M. Dallas)
Southernmost city....................................................................... Brownsville
State flower ............................................................................... Bluebonnet
River.......................................................................................... Rio Grande
National parks .............................................. Big Bend, Guadeloupe Mountains
Island...................................................................................... Padre Island
Large ranch ................................................................................ King Ranch
NASA center in Houston.................................................. Johnson Space Center
Oil field .......................................................................... Spindle Top Gusher
Lawmen ................................................................................ Texas Rangers
Texas Rangers founder ........................................................... Stephen Austin
Presidents ............................................... Dwight Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson
Senators .............................................................. Lloyd Bentsen, Phil Gramm
Governors ................Sam Houston, John Connelly, Ann Richards, George W. Bush
Representatives ................................................. Sam Rayburn, Barbara Jordan
Universities: ..................................... University of Texas at Austin (Longhorns)
............................................................. Texas Tech at Lubbock  (Red Raiders)
................................................................................ Baylor at Waco (Bears)
................................................................................. Rice at Houston (Owls)
.................................................................. TCU at Fort Worth (Horned Frogs)
............................................................................. SMU at Dallas (Mustangs)
Pro sports teams:
NFL............................................................. Dallas Cowboys, Houston Texans
NBA .............................. Dallas Mavericks, Houston Rockets, San Antonio Spurs
NHL.......................................................................................... Dallas Stars
MLB................................................................ Texas Rangers, Houston Astros

Utah:   The Beehive State
Capital and largest city ............ Salt Lake City (the only three-word state capital)
Highest point.............................................................................. King’s Peak
Senator..................................................................................... Orrin Hatch
National parks................................... Canyonlands, Arches, Bryce Canyon, Zion
Ancient lake......................................................................... Lake Bonneville
University ................................................. Brigham Young University at Provo
Pro sports team:
NBA...................................................... Utah Jazz (formerly New Orleans Jazz)

Vermont:  The Green Mountain State (independent country from 1777-91)
Capital........................................................................................ Montpelier
Largest city.................................................................................. Burlington
Lake ................................................................................... Lake Champlain
President.............................................................................. Calvin Coolidge
Senator.................................................................................... Patrick Leahy

Virginia:   Old Dominion State (Commonwealth)
Capital......................................................................................... Richmond
Largest city and port......................................................................... Norfolk
Colonial capital......................................................................... Williamsburg
Motto............................................................................ Sic Semper Tyrannis
Rivers................................................................................. James, Potomac
Mountains .................................................................................. Blue Ridge
Scenic valley and river..................................................................Shenandoah
Swamp.................................................................................. Dismal Swamp
Cemetery............................................................ Arlington National Cemetery
Senator .................................................................................. Charles Robb
Author................................................................................... William Styron
Orator..................................................................................... Patrick Henry
National park............................................................................ Shenandoah
Presidents ............................................George Washington, Thomas Jefferson,
James Madison, James Monroe
Chief Justice ........................................................................... John Marshall
Universities William & Mary at Williamsburg (Second-oldest university in the U.S.)
................ University of Virginia at Charlottesville (founded by Thomas Jefferson)

Washington:   The Evergreen State
Capital .......................................................................................... Olympia
Largest city............................................... Seattle (named after Chief Seattle)
Highest mountain ........................................................................ Mt. Rainier
Volcano ................................................................................. Mt. St. Helens
River ............................................................................................ Columbia
Dam........................................................................................ Grand Coulee
Sound ...................................................................................... Puget Sound
Female Governor ...................................................................... Dixie Lee Ray
National parks ......................................... Mt. Rainier, Olympic, North Cascades
University ................................... University of Washington at Seattle (Huskies)
Pro sports teams:
NFL .................................................................................. Seattle Seahawks
MLB ................................................................................... Seattle Mariners

West Virginia:  The Mountain State (the only state to secede from another state)
Capital and largest city ................................................................ Charleston
Ferry...................................................................................... Harper’s Ferry
Senator .................................................................................... Robert Byrd

Wisconsin:   The Badger State
Capital ........................................................................................... Madison
Largest city................................................................................... Milwaukee
Senators .................................................... Joseph McCarthy, William Proxmire
Universities ................................................. University of Wisconsin (Badgers)
................................................... Marquette University at Milwaukee Warriors)
Pro sports teams:
NFL................................................................................... Green Bay Packers
NBA.................................................................................... Milwaukee Bucks
MLB.................................................................................. Milwaukee Brewers

Wyoming:The Equality State, The Equal Rights Banner State (least populous state)
Capital and largest city.................................................................... Cheyenne
National monument ................................................................... Devil’s Tower
National parks........................ Yellowstone (the first national park), Grand Teton
Oil scandal site ........................................................................ Teapot Dome

 

UNITED STATES TERRITORIES:

Puerto Rico: (acquired in the Spanish-American War)
Capital: San Juan
Island group: Greater Antilles
Guam: (“Where America’s day begins,” acquired in the Spanish-American War)
Capital: Agana
Island group: Marianas
U.S. Virgin Islands:   (acquired from Denmark, 1917)
Capital: Charlotte Amalie
Island group: Virgin Islands
Main islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John
American Samoa:  (southernmost U.S. possession)
Capital and port:  Pago Pago (Pronounced Pango Pango)
Island group: Samoan Island Group


Other Territories

Wake Island
Midway Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Johnston Atoll
Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands
Kingman Reef
Navassa Island
Palmyra Atoll

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