In what London theatre were many of Shakespeare's plays originally performed?

In what year did Hamlet, starring Laurence Olivier, win the Best Picture Oscar?
What is the name of William Shakespeare's Wife?
What is the name of this actress?
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Shakespeare 

All’s Well That Ends Well
Characters:
Bertram, Count of Roussillon
Helena
The King of France
Setting: Florence

Antony and Cleopatra
Characters: 
Mark Antony (commits suicide)
Cleopatra (commits suicide with the bite of an asp)
Octavius
Setting: Egypt
Quote: “I am dying Egypt, dying.” (Mark Antony)

As You Like It
Characters:
Oliver
Orlando
Rosalind
Duke Frederick
Jacques the jester
Setting: The Forest of Arden
Quote:  “All the world’s a stage,and all the men and women merely players.”  (Jaques)

Comedy of Errors
Characters:
Aegean
Antipholus (twins with the same name)
Dromio (two servants with the same name)

Hamlet  (Shakespeare’s longest play)
Characters:
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
Gertrude (Hamlet’s mother, poisoned with drink meant for Hamlet)
King Claudius (Hamlet’s uncle, kills Hamlet’s father, killed by Hamlet)
Horatio (Hamlet’s friend)
Polonius (killed by Hamlet)
Laertes (Polonius’ son, stabbed by Hamlet)
Ophelia (Polonius’ daughter, goes mad and drowns in a river)
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Setting: Denmark
Castle: Elsinore
Hamlet’s dead friend, dug up by the gravedigger: Yorick
Quotes:
      “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” (Marcellus)
      “To be, or not to be: that is the question” (Hamlet)
      “To sleep, perchance to dream” (Hamlet)
      “Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite jest” (Hamlet)
“Neither a borrower nor a lender be” (Polonius)
      “Brevity is the soul of wit” (Polonius)

Henry V
Characters:
King Henry V (wins the Battle of Agincourt)
The Dauphin of France
Princess Katherine of France (courted by Henry)

Henry VIII (the last play performed in the Globe Theater)
Characters:
Henry VIII
Catherine of Aragon (divorced by Henry)
Anne Boleyn
Cardinal Wolsey
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer

Julius Caesar
Characters:
Julius Caesar
Brutus and Cassius (they kill Julius Caesar and commit suicide in the end)
Mark Antony
Octavius (Caesar’s nephew)
Quotes:
      “Beware the Ides of March” (Soothsayer)
      “A coward dies many times before their deaths” (Caesar)
      “I have come to bury Caesar, not to praise him” (Mark Antony)
“Cry havoc and let slip the dogs of war!” (Mark Antony)
“This was the most unkindest cut of all” (Mark Antony)

King Lear
Characters:
King Lear, king of ancient Britain
Goneril, Regan and Cordelia ( King Lear’s daughters)
Edmond (the villian)
Quote: “Sharper than a serpent’s tooth it is to have a thankless child” (King Lear)

 
Love’s Labours Lost
Characters:
Ferdinand, the king of Navarre
The princess of France

Macbeth (“The Scottish Play”)
Characters:
Macbeth, The Thane of Glamis
Lady Macbeth
King Duncan (killed by Macbeth)
Macduff (kills Macbeth in battle)
Malcolm (becomes king upon the death of Macbeth)
The three witches
Setting: Scotland
Castle: Dunsinane
Quotes:
      “Double, double toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble” (Witches)
      “Out, damned spot! Out, I say!” (Lady Macbeth)

The Merchant of Venice
Characters:
Antonio (the merchant of Venice, borrows money from Shylock)
Shylock (the moneylender)
Portia
Quotes:
      “If you prick us, do we not bleed” (Shylock)
      “The quality of mercy is not strained” (Portia)

The Merry Wives of Windsor
Character: Falstaff (he appears in three of Shakespeare’s plays)

A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Characters:
Theseus, the Duke of Athens
Hippolyta (Queen of the Amazons)
Oberon (King of the fairies)
Titania (Oberon’s wife)
Puck (the fairy)
Setting: Athens
Quote: “Lord, what fools these mortals be” (Puck)

Othello
Characters:
Othello the Moor
Desdemona (Othello’s wife)
Iago and Cassio (Othello’s lieutenants)
Setting: Cyprus and Venice
Quotes:
      “O, beware, my lord, of jealousy, it is a green-eyed monster” (Iago)
      “Then you must speak of one that loved not wisely, but too well” (Othello)

Richard III
Characters:
Richard III (of the House of York)
King Edward IV (of the House of Lancaster)
Edward and Richard (King Edward’s sons)
Setting: 15th century England
Battle: The Battle of Bosworth Field
Quotes:
      “Now is the winter of our discontent” (Richard III)
      “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse! (Richard III)

Romeo and Juliet
Characters:
Romeo, of the House of Montague
Juliet, of the House of Capulet
Tybalt (Juliet’s cousin, killed by Romeo)
Setting: Verona
Quotes:
      “That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet” (Juliet)
      “But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? It is the East and Juliet is the sun”  (Romeo)

The Taming of the Shrew (basis for the musical Kiss Me Kate)
Characters:
Katherina and Bianca (sisters)
Petruchio

The Tempest (Shakespeare’s last play)
Characters:
Prospero, former Duke of Milan
Miranda (Prospero’s daughter)
Antonio
Ariel the sprite
Caliban (a deformed slave)
Quotes:
“We are such stuff as dreams are make on.”  (Prospero)
 “O brave new world that has such people in it!” (Miranda, Aldous Huxley used this quote for the title of his book Brave New World)

Titus Andronicus
Setting: Ancient Rome

Troilus and Cressida
Characters:
Troilus and Cressida
Aeneas and Hector (Troilus’ brothers)
Setting: Ancient Troy

Twelfth Night  (What You Will)
Characters:
Duke Orsino
Countess Olivia
Quote: “If music be the food of love, play on” (Duke Orsino)

Two Gentlemen of Verona
Characters:
Valentine and Proteus (the two gentlemen)
Silvia and Julia (their girlfriends)

The Winter’s Tale
Setting: Sicily

Other Facts:

William Shakespeare’s wife.................................................... Anne Hathaway
Shakespeare’s nickname..................................................... The Bard of Avon
King Lear’s daughter’s.............................................. Regan, Cordelia, Goneril
The Scottish play........................................................................... Macbeth
Fictional Black Moor......................................................................... Othello
Twelfth Night’s other name..................................................... What You Will
The Tempest sprite............................................................................. Ariel
A Midsummer Nights Dream sprite........................................................ Puck
Mistress in Henry IV, V, and The Merry Wives of Windsor....................... Quickly
Shakespeare’s longest play............................................................... Hamlet
Hamlet kills this king...................................................................... Claudius
Macbeth kills this king...................................................................... Duncan
He kills Macbeth.............................................................................. Macduff
He kills Tybalt.................................................................................. Romeo
Early actor in many Shakespeare films..................................... Laurence Olivier
Recent actor in many Shakespeare films................................. Kenneth Branagh
Italian director of many Shakespeare films................................ Franco Zeffirelli
Early London Shakespearean theater................................................ The Globe
Shakespearean actor who built The Globe................................. Richard Burbage