What Roman emperor had a wall build across southern Scotland?
What volcano erupted in 79 A.D.,burying Pompeii?
What Roman landmark is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater?
What Roman orator, lawyer, politician, and philosopher was murdered in the year 43 B.C.?
What was the name of a Roman army officer who led 100 men?

 

Roman Empire

Emperors:

First triumvirate of Rome:  Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey
Julius Caesar: Assassinated in 44 B.C. only a month after being declared dictator for life.
Anthony and Cleopatra: Defeated by Augustus in 31 B.C. at the Battle of Actium
Augustus Caesar: (Octavian) 27 B.C.-14 A.D.
Tiberius: 14-37 A.D. (Augustus’ stepson)
Caligula: 37-41 (rumor says he made his horse a member of government)
Claudius: 41-54 (stammering emperor)
Nero: 54-68 (Claudius’ adopted son)
Trajan: 98-117 (column designer)
Hadrian: 117-138 (built namesake wall in Scotland and the Pantheon)
Constantine: 306-337 (built new capital at Constantinople)

Ancient Roman Points of Interest:

Pantheon: Temple built by Hadrian
Temple of Jupiter
Circus Maximus: Used for chariot races
Colosseum, a.k.a. Flavian Amphitheater

Other Facts:

River that Caesar crossed................................................................. Rubicon
Caesar’s message to Rome “Veni, Vidi, Vici” ...........(I came, I saw, I conquered)
64 AD event................................................ Fire in Rome (Nero did not fiddle)
79 AD event................................................................. Mt.Vesuvius eruption
Roman priestesses.................................................................. Vestal Virgins
Roman imperial guards....................................................... Praetorian Guards
Praetorian Guard leader..................................................................... Prefect
Roman tax collector........................................................................ Publican
Noble class of Rome....................................................................... Patrician
Roman commoner........................................................................... Plebeian
A Roman army...................................................................................Legion
Roman army leader of 100 men........................................................Centurian
Nero’s mother............................................................................... Agrippina
Author of Aeneid................................................................................. Virgil
Orator, statesman and philosopher...................................................... Cicero
Roman odist.....................................................................................Horace
Roman comic playwright.................................................................... Plautus
Rebel slave leader........................................................................ Spartacus
Judean Military governor, 37-4 B.C....................................... Herod (the Great)
Judean Military governor, 26-36 A.D............................................ Pontius Pilot
Roman governor of Egypt........................................................ Mohammed Ali
Roman naturalist, wrote of Mt. Vesuvius eruption...................... Pliny the Elder
Roman astronomer......................................................................... Ptolemy
Roman inner courtyard...................................................................... Atrium
Roman public gathering..................................................................... Forum
Roman ruling body........................................................................... Senate
Roman road.............................................................................. Appian Way
Rome-Carthage wars................................................................... Punic Wars
Roman peace............................................................................ Pax Romana
Cities Vesuvius buried ............................................ Pompeii and Herculaneum
Wall in Scotland..................................................................... Hadrian’s Wall
Color of trim on Roman togas.............................................................. Purple
Legendary founders of Rome, 753 B.C............................... Romulus and Remus

Roman name for:

France.................................................................................................. Gaul
Ireland............................................................................................ Hibernia
Wales.............................................................................................. Cambria
Scotland........................................................................................ Caledonia

The first two Caesars formulated our twelve-month, 365-day calendar (Julian calendar).  They added months of July (Julius) and August (Augustus). That is why September, which means seventh month, is actually the ninth month, October the tenth month and so on.