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Religion 

Buddhism: 397 million believers (estimated)
The Enlightened One ............................... Buddha (Prince Siddhartha Gautama)
Head of Tibetan Buddhists.................................................. (14th) Dalai Lama
State of peaceful blessedness ........................................................... Nirvana
Buddha’s teachings, universal truth..................................................... Dharma
Branches of Buddhism................................ Theravada, Mahayana and Gautama
Tantric form of Buddhism.................................................................... Mantra
Ancient Cambodian temple........................................................... Angkor Wat

Christianity: 2 billion believers (estimated)
Main divisions:
Roman Catholic: ........................................................... 1.16 billion believers
Protestant: .............................................700 million believers (approximately)
Eastern Orthodox: ...........................................................230 million believers
Largest American protestant denomination..........................................Baptists
Standard Latin Bible ........................................................................ Vulgate
First mass-produced Bible ..................................................... Gutenberg Bible
English translation, 1706...................................................... King James Bible
“Isa Ibn Mary am”................................................................................ Jesus
Holiday forty days before Easter.............................................. Ash Wednesday
Christmas story.......................................................................... Passion Play
Quakers founder.......................................................................... George Fox
Methodism founder..................................................................... John Wesley
Shakers founder..................................................................... Mother Ann Lee
Christian Science founder....................................................... Mary Baker Eddy
Amish founder.......................................................................... Jacob Amman
Jehovah’s Witnesses founder ............................................ Charles Taze Russell
Founder of the Mormon Church..................................................... Joseph Smith
Mormon leader after Smith................. Brigham Young (had 22 wives, 57 children)
Mormon prophet................................................................................. Moroni
Mormon city in Illinois........................................................................ Nauvoo
Protestant Reformation founder................................................... Martin Luther
Number of Luther’s theses......................................................................... 95
Swiss-French reformist.................................................................. John Calvin
Movement associated with speaking in tongues................................Pentecostal
John Calvin’s followers............................................................... Presbyterians
Scottish reformist........................................................................... John Knox
Largest protestant sect.....................................................Lutheran (60 million)
French Protestants ........................................................................ Huguenots
Betsy Ross’ religion............................................................................ Quaker
Mennonite group from Pennsylvania........................................................ Amish
Preachers who traveled the old west....................Circuit riders (mostly Methodist)
Catholicism facts:
Molokai priest................................................... Father Damian (died of leprosy)
Archbishop of Cyprus.......................................................... Archbishop Makarios
Apostle of California................................................................... Junipero Serra
Archbishop of New York, 1939............................................. Archbishop Spellman
Last anti-pope..................................................................................... Felix V
Papal residence....................................................................... Castel Gandolfo
Vatican guard............................................................................... Swiss Guard
Home for nuns.................................................................................... Convent
Site where the Virgin Mary was seen in 1917............................... Fatima, Portugal
Site where the Virgin Mary was seen in 1531........................... Guadeloupe, Mexico
1378 split of the Catholic Church.............................................. The Great Schism
Friars with pointed hoods.................................................................... Capuchin
First pope.............................................................................................. Peter
Recent Popes:
1922-39 ............................................................................................ Pius XI
1939-58............................................................................................. Pius XII
1958-63.......................................................................................... John XXIII
1963-78.............................................................................................. Paul VI
1978................................................................ John-Paul I (“The Smiling Pope”)
1978-2001.................................................................................... John-Paul II
2001-2013................................................................................... Benedict XVI
2013-..............................................................Francis (266th successor to Peter)
Catholic Saints of:
Finland............................................................................................. St. Henry
France............................................................................................... St. Denis
Germany........................................................................................ St. Boniface
Hungary ........................................................................................ St. Stephen
Ireland............................................................................................ St. Patrick
Italy................................................................................... St. Francis of Assisi
Mexico............................................................................ Our Lady of Guadalupe
Norway................................................................................................ St. Olaf
Poland........................................................................................ St. Stanislaus
England........................................................................................... St. George
Scotland.......................................................................................... St. Andrew
Spain................................................................................................ St. James
Sweden........................................................................................ St. Catherine
Wales............................................................................................... St. David
Rome................................................................................................. St. Peter
Lima...................................................................St. Rose (first New World saint)
Venice................................................................................................ St. Mark
Travelers................................................................................... St. Christopher
Animals........................................................................................... St. Francis
Lovers.......................................................................................... St Valentine
Mountain climbers............................................................................ St. Bernard
Lost causes......................................................................................... St. Jude
Fishermen....................................................................................... St. Andrew
The poor........................................................................... St. Anthony of Padua
Carpenters....................................................................................... St. Joseph
Boy Scouts.......................................................................................St. George
Students ........................................................................... St. Thomas Aquinas
Accountants.................................................................................. St. Matthew
The Lady of Lourdes................................................................... St. Bernadette
The Bishop of Hippo..................................................................... St. Augustine
6th century Irish nun.................................................................... St. Bridgette
Founder of the Jesuits....................................................... St Ignatius of Loyola
Friar’s founder who received Jesus’ wounds............................ St. Francis of Assisi
Cyrillic alphabet founder...................................................................... St. Cyril
Saint beheaded in London, 1535............................................... St. Thomas More
Female saint who followed St. Francis........................... St. Clair (The Poor Clairs)
First U.S. citizen made a saint.................................................... Mother Cabrini
First American-born saint............................................................. Mother Seton

Confucianism: 175 million believers
Founder........................................................................................ Confucius
Principal country.................................................................................. China

Hare Krishna:
Spiritual leader.................................................................................. Swami
Principal country.................................................................................. India

Hinduism: The Eternal Law; 500 million believers
Trimurti of Gods..........................................................Brahma (The Preserver)
...................................................................................Shiva (The Destroyer)
....................................................................................Vishnu (The Creator)
Avatar of Vishnu............................................................................... Krishna
Hindu text..................................................................... Vedas (“knowledge”)
Hindu universal spirit....................................................................... Brahman
Sacred rivers............................................................... Ganges and five others
Two letter chant................................................................................... “Om”
Great epic........................................................................................... Rada
Ancient scriptures: ............................................................................. Badas

Islam: One billion believers
Founder.................................................................Mohammed (570-632 A.D.)
Mohammed's daughter........................................................................Fatima
Major sects.................................................................. Sunni (largest), Shiite
Holy book........................................................................................... Koran
Highest office.................................................................................Caliphate
Leader of a local Shiite Muslim community...............................................Imam
High ranking Shiitle leader................................................................Ayatollah
House of worship...............................................................................Mosque
Prayer tower..................................................................................... Minaret
Holy cities............................................................... Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
Holy pilgrimage to Mecca ........................................................................Hajj
Number of pillars of Islam....................................................................... Five
Holy house in Mecca............................................................................ Kabaa
Kabaa center piece...................................................................... Black Stone
Month of fasting............................................................................. Ramadan
Holy war............................................................................................. Jihad
Religous ruling by an Isalmic scholar.......................................................Fatwa
Movement founded by Wali Fard, 1934....................................... Nation of Islam

Jainism: 4.3 million believers
Principal country................................................................................... India

Judaism: 17 million believers
Founder......................................................................................... Abraham
Holy city....................................................................................... Jerusalem
Feast of Lights or Dedication............................................................ Hanukkah
New Year; Day of Judgment...................................................... Rosh Hashanah
Day of Atonement......................................................................... Yom Kippur
Passover feast..................................................................................... Seder
Jewish mourners prayer...................................................................... Caddish
Coming of age rite............................... Bar Mitzvah (male); Bat Mitzvah (female)
Wedding rite.................................................................. Breaking of the glass
Mountain fortress............................................................................... Masada
Jewish population outside Israel ........................................................ Diaspora
Candelabra....................................................................................... Menorah
Door post........................................................................................ Mezuzah
Skull cap......................................................................................... Yarmulke

Rastafarianism:
Principal country................................................................................ Jamaica

Shintoism:
Principal country.................................................................................. Japan

Sikhism:
Founders............................................................................. Kabir and Nanak
Principal country.................................................................................. India

Taoism:
Founder........................................................................ Lao-Tse (c. 400 B.C.)
Chief God................................................................................ Jade Emperor

Unification Church:
Founder.............................................................................. Sun Myung Moon
Principal countries......................................................... South Korea and USA

Voodoo:
Principal country.................................................................................. Haiti

Zoroastrianism: 250,000 believers
Founder..................................................................... Zoroaster (c. 600 B.C.)
Principal countries................................................................... India and Iran