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What is the name of the tissue that connects bones?
What is the name of the smallest bone in the adult human body?
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Human Body

Number of bones in the adult human body........................................... 206
Number of vertebrae in the spine......................................................... 33
Three bones of the inner ear.................................... Hammer, anvil, stirrup
Body’s smallest bone....................................................... Stirrup (stapes)
Wrist bones............................................................................... Carpals
Shoulder bone............................................................................ Scapula
Upper jaw bone........................................................................... Maxilla
Lower jaw bone......................................................................... Mandible
Collar bone................................................................................. Clavicle
Shoulder blade............................................................................ Scapula
Bone ribs are attached to ......................................... Sternum (breastbone)
Upper arm bone......................................................................... Humerus
Lower arm bones.............................................................. Radius and ulna
Body’s longest bone....................................................... Femur (upper leg)
Shin bone....................................................................................... Tibia
Smaller bone that runs next to the tibia............................................ Fibula
Shoulder bone and collar bone.............................................. Pectoral girdle
Between the talus and tibia............................................................. Ankle
Tailbone...................................................................................... Coccyx
Hallux......................................................................................... Big toe
Minimus................................................................................... Little toe
Tissue that connects bones....................................................... Ligaments
Central knee ligament....................................................................... ACL
Fibrous structure at the end of most muscles.................................. Tendon
Largest tendon in the body................................................ Achilles tendon
Tussue separating bones in joints............................................... Cartilage
Science of skeletal muscles.................................................... Orthopedics
Body's longest muscle...............................................................Sartorious
Shoulder muscles....................................................................... Deltoids
Front upper arm muscle................................................................. Biceps
Back upper arm muscle................................................................. Triceps
Front thigh muscle.................................................................. Quadriceps
Inhalation muscle................................................................... Diaphragm
Rectus femoris muscle.................................................................... Thigh
Group of nerves............................................................................ Plexus
Body’s longest nerve .................................................................... Sciatic
Sense of smell nerve......................................................... Olfactory nerve
Nerves at back of abdomen.................................................... Solar plexus
Number of chambers in the heart....................................................... Four
Heart’s upper chambers................................................ Left and right atria
Heart’s lower chambers.......................................... Left and right ventricles
Sac surrounding heart............................................................. Pericardium
Middle layer of heart walls.......................................................Myocardium
Blood type “factor” (positive or negative)...................................... Rh factor
Blood type of a “universal donor”...................................... Type-O negative
Watery part of blood.................................................................... Plasma
Where blood is produced....................................................... Bone marrow
Disc-shaped blood cell for clotting................................................. Platelet
Leukocytes a.k.a............................................................ White blood cells
Erythrocytes also known as................................................. Red blood cells
Blood protein............................................................................. Globulin
What makes blood clot................................................................... Fibrin
Body’s largest artery....................................................................... Aorta
Largest artery in leg........................................................... Femoral artery
Large artery in the neck....................................................... Carotid artery
Artery supplying the heart muscle..................................... Pulmonary artery
Body’s largest vein....................................................... Vena cava (major)
Large vein in neck................................................................. Jugular vein
These join to form veins.............................................................. Venules
These join arteries and veins.................................................... Capillaries
Insulin is produced here, regulating sugar balance......................... Pancreas
Renal cortex organ....................................................................... Kidney
Gland “on the kidney”.................................................................. Adrenal
Master gland (at base of brain).................................................... Pituitary
Gland that regulates metabolism.................................................. Thyroid
Gland that aids in development of the immune system.................... Thymus
Female sex hormone.................................................................. Estrogen
Male sex hormone................................................................ Testosterone
Tear glands............................................................................... Lacrimal
Where vocal chords are located.......................................................Larynx
Tube traveling from larynx to lungs, a.k.a windpipe......................... Trachea
Tubes that connect trachea to lungs.............................................. Bronchi
Protrusions that transfer oxygen in lungs........................................ Alveoli
Hard outside layer of teeth.......................................................... Enamel
Sticky buildup on the teeth..............................................................Plack
Soft center part of teeth.................................................................. Pulp
Calcified tissue surrounding the pulp.............................................. Dentin
Normal number of adult teeth............................................................. 32
Gingiva........................................................................................ Gums
Gustatory receptors................................................................ Taste buds
Flesh that hangs from soft palate.................................................... Uvula
Five tastes the tongue is capable of ......Sweet, salty, sour, bitter and savory
Tube traveling to stomach....................................................... Esophagus
Tube from nose to esophagus...................................................... Pharynx
Stomach acid....................................................................... Hydrochloric
Blood purifying organ below the stomach........................................ Spleen
Largest organ in the body................................................................. Skin
Skin’s outer layer..................................................................... Epidermis
Hair and nails structural protein.................................................... Keratin
Skin pigmentation provider.......................................................... Melanin
Digestive canal...................................................................... Alimentary
Where bile is made, largest internal organ......................................... Liver
Where bile is stored............................................................... Gallbladder
Colored part of the eye...................................................................... Iris
Movable part of the eye controlled by the iris..................................... Pupil
Blood vessel in the eye................................................................. Retina
Transparent layer of the outer eye.................................................. Cornea
Eye “jelly”........................................................................ Vitreous humor
Two types of light receptors in the eye................................ Rods and cones
Nerve connecting eye to brain.................................................. Optic nerve
Where Graafian follicles are located .............................................. Ovaries
Tubes connecting ovaries to womb...................................... Fallopian tubes
This organ removes glucose from the blood......................................... Liver
Where islets of langerhans are located.......................................... Pancreas
Three parts of brain....................... Cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata
Outer membrane of the brain.................................................... Dura mater
Speech lobe of brain............................................................... Frontal lobe
Hemisphere of brain containing artistic aptitudes................ Right hemisphere
Brain’s nerve cells....................................................................... Neurons
Fiber that transmit nerve impulses to neurons.................................... Axons
Brain chemicals that move nerve impulses........................ Neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters “jump” these spaces between cells.................... Synapses
Sensory and motor covering layer of the brain........................ Cerebral cortex
Lowest part of the brain...............................................................Mendulla
Joints connecting skull plates................................................. Suture joints
Largest joint in the body.................................................................. Knee
Tube traveling from the throat to inner ear.......................... Eustachian tube
Tympanic membrane .................................................................. Ear drum
Spiral passages of the ear............................................................ Cochlea
Loop-shaped ear canals that help control balance............. Semicircular canals
Hair pocket.................................................................................. Follicle
Hair follicle gland............................................................ Sebaceous gland
Fibrous protein that makes up hair and nails.................................... Keratin
Fertilized egg............................................................................... Zygote
These unite to form zygote.......................................................... Gametes
Fluid in womb..................................................................... Amniotic fluid
This controls the body’s temperature..................................... Hypothalamus
Rise in basal body temperature indicates this............................... Ovulation
Cell division................................................................................ Mitosis
Cell division which cuts chromosomes in half................................... Meiosis
Free-moving cell....................................................................... Corpuscle
Helical structure material.................................................................. DNA
Outer layer of skin.................................................................... Epidermis
Proteins that combat foreign proteins ........................................ Antibodies
Thread-like bodies in cell nuclei............................................ Chromosomes
Normal number of human chromosomes................................... 46 (23 pairs)
The soft spot on a baby’s head.................................................... Fontanel

For more facts on the Human Body see Game Show Trivia, now in its 6th edition