Roll over image for correct answer.
What type of gem is the 563 carat Star of India?
What is the name of the 95.5 carat diamond located in the Smithsonian Museum?
What is green chalcedony spotted with red jasper better known as?
What silicate mineral of aluminum and fluorine is the birthstone of November?
What metal comes from cuprite and chalcopryte ore?
What is iron pyrite better known as?
What is the name of the super-continent that dominated the Earth 240 million years ago?

Geology

Gems:

World’s hardest mineral................................................................... Diamond
Diamond material.............................................................................. Carbon
Green beryl gem............................................................................... Emerald
“Mutton fat” nephrite............................................................................. Jade
Yellow or golden gem.......................................................................... Topaz
Purple quartz................................................................................. Amethyst
Gem named after a tsarina............................................................ Alexandrite
Gem found in Tanzania................................................................... Tanzanite
Green chalcedony spotted with red jasper........................................ Bloodstone
Reddish-brown gem............................................................................ Garnet
Black organic gem................................................................................... Jet
Opaque blue or azure gemstone (sometimes flecked)........................ Lapis lazuli
Purple corundum.............................................................................. Sapphire
Red corundum...................................................................................... Ruby
Star of India and Kashir Blue type of gems...........................................Sapphire
95.5 carat diamond in the Smithsonian....................................... Hope Diamond
Largest gem quality diamond ..................... Golden Jubilee Diamond (546 carats)
Largest rough diamond ever discovered.............. Cullinan Diamond (3,107 carats)
Diamond in Titanic............................................................ Heart of the Ocean

Birth Stones:

January............................................................................................ Garnet
February....................................................................................... Amethyst
March........................................................................................ Aquamarine
April............................................................................................. Diamond
May............................................................................................... Emerald
June................................................................................................... Pearl
July.................................................................................................... Ruby
August............................................................................................. Peridot
September..................................................................................... Sapphire
October............................................................................................... Opal
November.......................................................................................... Topaz
December..................................................................................... Turquoise

Other Facts:

Study of Earth’s physical properties................................................ Geophysics
Study of the motion of Earth’s plates................................................ Tectonics
Study of rocks................................................................................ Petrology
Earth’s age.......................................................................... 4.5 billion years
Earth’s outer layer............................................................................... Crust
Earth’s layer below the crust............................................................... Mantle
Current geologic period................................................................ Quaternary
Current geologic epoch.................................................................... Holocene
Current geologic era....................................................... Cenozoic (recent life)
Middle geologic era....................................................... Mesozoic (middle life)
Early geologic era ....................................................... Paleozoic (ancient life)
Ancient super continent, 240 million years ago.................................... Pangaea
Northern super continent, 120 million years ago................................... Laurasia
Southern super continent, 120 million years ago................................ Gondwana
Earth’s energy............................................................................. Geothermal
Ocean surrounded by volcanic “ring of fire”............................................. Pacific
Large volcanic crater......................................................................... Caldera
Scale measuring earthquake intensity.......................................... Richter scale
Tidal wave caused by an earthquake.................................................. Tsunami
Fool’s gold................................................................................... Iron pyrite
Uranium and radium ore............................................................... Pitchblende
Aluminum ore................................................................................... Bauxite
Mercury ore.................................................................................... Cinnabar
Copper ore....................................................................................... Cuprite
Lead ore........................................................................................... Galena
Hard carbon.................................................................................... Diamond
Soft carbon..................................................................................... Graphite
Hard coal..................................................................................... Anthracite
Soft coal..................................................................................... Bituminous
Brown coal........................................................................................ Lignite
Deep black lignite................................................................................... Jet
Dense rock formed from cooling lava..................................................... Basalt
Glass formed from cooling lava......................................................... Obsidian
Three types of rock.................................... Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Earth’s crust most abundant rock........................................................ Igneous
Most common igneous rock................................................................. Granite
Soft igneous rock .............................................................................. Pumice
Coarse grain rock............................................................................... Gneiss
Translucent gypsum....................................................................... Alabaster
Shale rock type.......................................................................... Sedimentary
Cave ceiling fixtures..................................................................... Stalactites
Cave floor fixtures...................................................................... Stalagmites
Stalactite and stalagmite combination................................................. Column
Scale measuring mineral hardness................................................. Moh’s scale
Diamond rating on Moh’s scale................................................................. Ten
Ruby rating on Moh’s scale..................................................................... Nine
Talc rating on Moh’s scale....................................................................... One
Large California fault line..................................................... San Andreas Fault
Large east Africa fault line..................................................... Great Rift Valley

For more Geology Trivia see Game Show Trivia, now in its 6th edition