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What is the largest landlocked country in the world?
BRAZILWhat country is 5th in the world in size and in population?
MAASTRICHTIn what Netherlands city was the Treaty of European Union signed in 1992?
ATACAMA DESERTWhat Chilean desert, shared with Bolivia and Argentina, is the world's dryest place?
SINGAPOREWhat island country lies at the end of the Malay Peninsula?
THE VATICANWhat is the world's smallest country?
CUBAWhat is the largest island nation in the Caribbean Sea?
PANAMAWhat country became independant from Columbia in 1903?
Pont Neuf What is the oldest bridge in Paris, France?

MOHAMMED MORSIWhat Egyptian president was ousted after serving only one year?

Prado Museum

The Prado Museum located Museum is located in the caitol of what country?

Countries of the World

Countries by Area and Population:

Largest in area

World’s Oceans (in order of size):

1. Russia
2. Canada
3. China
4. United States
5. Brazil
6. Australia
7. India
8. Argentina
9. Kazakhstan
10.Algeria

Largest in population

1. China
2. India
3. United States
4. Indonesia
5. Brazil
6. Pakistan
7. Nigeria
8. Bangladesh
9. Russia
10.Japan

Countries of the World:

Afghanistan

CapitalKabul

President, 2001-Hamid Karzai

Freedom fightersMudjaheddin

Former ruling partyTaliban

Mountain passKhyber Pass

City named for Alexander the GreatKandahar

Albania

CapitalTirana

RoyaltyKing Zog

Nobel Peace Prize winnerMother Teresa

Algeria (former French colony)

CapitalAlgiers

16th century fortressKasbah

Andorra

CapitalAndorra la Vella

MountainsPyrenees

Principal languageCatalan

Angola (former Portuguese colony)

CapitalLuanda

Indigenous peopleBantu

LanguagePortuguese

Antigua & Barbuda (largest of Caribbean Leeward Islands)

CapitalSt. John’s

Argentina

CapitalBuenos Aires

CurrencyPeso

ReligionRoman Catholic

LanguageSpanish

DesertAtacama (world’s driest place)

MountainAconcagua (summit in Argentina but shared with Chile)

RiverRio de la Plata (“river of silver”)

Strait Strait of Magellan

Southern plateauPatagonia

PlainsThe Pampas

Southern island shared with ChileTierra del Fuego (“Land of Fire”)

Site of 1982 warFalkland Islands

Falkland Islands Argentine nameMalvinas

CowboysGauchos

Gaucho weaponBola

President 1946-55, 1973-74Juan Peron

Juan Peron’s second wife, died 1972Evita (Eva) Peron

Juan Peron’s third wife and president 1974-76Isabelle Peron

National danceTango

Tennis starGabriela Sabatini

Armenia

CapitalYerevan

MountainsCaucasus

Australia (only nation on an entire continent, world’s sixth largest country)

Nickname“The Land Down Under”

CapitalCanberra

Prime Minister, 1991-96Bob Hanke

Prime minister, 1996-2007John Howard

Prime minister,  2007-2010Kevin Rudd

Prime minister,  2010-Julia Gillard

States:New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

CurrencyDollar

Largest citySydney

Second largestMelbourne

Western Australia cityPerth

North coast cityDarwin

Harbor Bridge locationSydney

Sydney airportKingsford Smith Airport

Sydney area beachBondi Beach

Sydney Harbor landmarkThe Opera House

LakeLake Eyre

Largest islandTasmania

Longest riverDarling River*

BayBotany Bay

Eastern seaTasman Sea

Color changing landmark, "The Remarkable Pebble"Ayres Rock (Uluru)

Wild dogDingo

Native peopleAborigines

Aboriginal riteWalkabout

Aborigine weaponBoomerang

Stagnant waterBillabong

ActorPaul Hogan

SingerOlivia Newton-John

Opera singerNellie Melba

Female authorColleen McCullough

Super modelElle McPherson

Tennis grand slam winnerMargaret Court

Media MagnateRupert Murdoch

Olympic site summer 1956Melbourne

Olympic site summer 2000Sydney

Gum treeEucalyptus

Eucalyptus eaterKoala

Duckbilled mammalPlatypus

ReefGreat Barrier Reef

Popular beerFoster's

Popular wineYellow Tail

* Some sources list the Murry River as Australia’s longest river
Austria

Capital and largest cityVienna (The Waltz City)

Dynasty, 1247-1918Hapsburg (or Habsburg)

Former currencyShilling (now Euro)

Winter Olympics site, 1964 and 1976Innsbruck

NewspaperWiener Zuting

U.N. Secretary-GeneralKurt Waldheim

Salzburg born ComposerWolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Actor and politicianArnold Schwarzenegger

Holy Roman EmpressMaria Theresa

Vienna psychoanalysis pioneerSigmund Freud

Azerbaijan

CapitalBaku

MountainsCaucasus

LakeCaspian Sea

World chess champion, 1985-2000Gary Kasparov

Bahamas

Capital and largest cityNassau

Second largest cityFreeport

Nassau islandNew Providence

Largest islandAndros

Columbus’ original landing pointSan Salvador

Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)

CapitalDhaka

BayBay of Bengal

LanguageBengali

Barbados

CapitalBridgetown

Island groupLesser Antillies

SingerRihanna

Belarus (former SSR)

CapitalMinsk

ReligionEastern Orthodox

CurrencyRuble

Belgium (won its independence from the Netherlands)

Capital and largest cityBrussels (NATO headquarters)

Largest portAntwerp (major diamond processing center)

Napolleonic battle siteWaterloo

City of treaty that ended War of 1812Ghent

Former currencyFranc (now Euro)

ReligionRoman Catholic

WW I cemeteryFlanders Field

LanguageFlemish

Ethnic groupsFlemings, Walloons

Flemish cartographerGerardus Mercator

Flemish painterSir Anthony Van Dyck (beard named after him)

SurrealistRene Magritte

Artist who taught van DykePeter Paul Rubens

Fictional detectiveHercules Poirot

CheeseLimburger

Current kingAlfred II

Other royaltyLeopold I & II, Baudouin

ColonyThe Belgian Congo

Belize (formerly British Honduras)

CapitalBelmopan

Bermuda

CapitalHamilton

Bolivia (Formerly Upper Peru, named after Simon Bolivar)

Legal capitalSucre

Administrative capitalLa Paz (“The Peace”, highest world capital in elevation)

Religion Roman Catholic

LanguageSpanish

LakeTiticaca

Mineral held in large depositsTin

Bosnia-Herzegovina

CapitalSarajevo

Author of teen diaryZlata (Frankovich)

Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland)

CapitalGaborone

DesertKalahari

SwampOkavango

Brazil (largest country in South America)

CapitalBrasilia

Former capitalRio de Janeiro

Rio beachesCopacabana and Ipanima

Religious statue overlooking RioChrist the Redeemer

Rio mountainSugarloaf

Largest citySao Paulo

LanguagePortuguese

ReligionRoman Catholic

CurrencyReal

National danceSamba

RiverAmazon

Stadium (world’s largest)Maracana Stadium

RoyaltyPedro I & II

Actress who wore fruit on her headCarmen Miranda

Brunei

IslandBorneo

Ruler (by decree)The Sultan of Brunei

Bulgaria

CapitalSofia

RoyaltyKing Boris III

Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta)

CapitalOuagadougou

Buthan .

CapitalThimphu

MountainsHimilayas

Cambodia (former Kampuchea)

CapitalPhnom Penh

ReligionBuddhism

Ancient empire Khmer Empire

Communist organization Khmer Rouge

Khmer Rouge leader, died in 1998 Pol Pot

Ancient Buddhist templeAngkor Wat

RoyaltyKing Norodom Sihanouk

Canada (world’s second largest country)

   Provinces:Capitals

AlbertaEdmonton

British ColumbiaVictoria (The Garden City)

Manitoba (the Prairie Province)Winnipeg

New Brunswick (borders Maine)Fredericton

Newfoundland (the newest province)St. John’s

Nova Scotia (New Scotland)Halifax

OntarioToronto

Prince Edward IslandCharlottetown (The Cradle of the Waves)

Quebec (the Maple Syrup Province)Quebec

SaskatchewanRegina

Number of provincesTen

Territories:

Northwest TerritoryYellowknife

Yukon Territory (borders Alaska)Whitehorse

NunavutIqaluit

Other facts:

CapitalOttawa

Largest cityToronto

Second-largest cityMontreal

Largest city in AlbertaCalgary

Largest city in British ColumbiaVancouver

Largest provinceQuebec

National anthemO, Canada

Largest IslandBaffin Island

Northernmost islandEllesmere Island

British Columbian islandVancouver Island

Longest riverMackenzie

River feeding into Hudson BayChurchill

CurrencyDollar

Toronto towerCN (Canadian National) Tower

Prime minister, 1968-79, 1980-84Pierre Trudeau

Conservative prime minister, 1984-93Brian Mulroney

Female prime minister, 1993Kim Campbell

Liberal prime minister, 1993-2003Jean Chretien

Prime minister, 2003-2006Paul Martin

Prime minister, 2006-Stephen Harper

NW Territory lakeGreat Slave Lake

Nova Scotia islandCape Breton

Nova Scotia French areaAcadia

Nova Scotia ship builderCunard (founded 1787)

Newfoundland air traffic control centerGander

Montreal UniversityMagill

Comedian and actorJim Carrey

Snowbird singerAnne Murray

Game show hostAlex Trebek

Alberta national parkBanff

Alberta rodeoCalgary Stampede

Canada to USA proposed pipelineKeystone

Banff lakeLake Louise

Yukon gold rush areaKlondike

Capitals named for Queen VictoriaVictoria and Regina

Chad

CapitalN’djamena

DesertSahara

Chile (southernmost South American country)

CapitalSantiago

Revolutionary leader, 1817-23Bernardo O’Higgins

Marxist president, 1970-73Salvador Allende

Man who overthrew AllendeAugusto Pinochet

CurrencyPeso

MountainAconcagua (with Argentina)

DesertAtacama (world’s driest place)

Southern islandTierra del Fuego (with Argentina)  

Pacific islandEaster Island (Papa Nui)

PoetPablo Neruda

Female authorIsabelle Allende

Mineral held in large depositsCopper

China (world’s third largest country)

CapitalBeijing (formerly Peking)

Largest cityShanghai

CurrencyYuan

Major language dialectsCantonese and Mandarin

Ancient Northern ChinaCathay

Ancient philosopherConfucius

Last emperorPu-Yi

Dynasty 1368-1644Ming Dynasty

Last dynastyManchu

Communist revolutionary leaderMao Tse-tung

Premier under Mao Tse-tungChou Enlai

Head of government, 1976-92Deng Xiaoping

Youth militaryRed Guard

Chinese-American architectI. M. Pei

Chinese-American sleuthCharlie Chan

Chinese self-defenseKung-fu

DesertGobi

Longest riverYangtze

Second longest riverYellow

Counting tableAbacus

Chinese rootGinseng

Site of world’s largest McDonalds’ restaurant Beijing

Beijing squareTiananmen Square

Beijing templeTemple of Heaven

Beijing central areaForbidden City

Violent uprising, 1900Boxer Rebellion

Industrial objective, 1956Great Leap Forward

Egalitarian movement, 1966Cultural revolution

Art of furniture arrangingFeng Shui

Columbia (only South American country with Caribbean and Pacific coasts)

Former nameGran-Columbia

CapitalBogota

Second largest cityMedellin

CurrencyPeso

ReligionRoman Catholic

AuthorGabriel Marquez

Drug cartelsCali, Medellin

Congo, Republic of

CapitalBrazzaville

Congo, Democratic Republic of (formerly Zaire)

CapitalKinshasa

RiverCongo

Costa Rica

Capital and largest citySan Jose

President, 1986-2010Oscar Arias Sanchez  (Nobel Peace Prize, 1987)

Croatia

CapitalZagreb (last in alphabetical order)

Cuba (largest island in Caribbean)

CapitalHavana

Head of government, 1959-Fidel Castro

Former dictator, overthrown by CastroFulgencio Batista

Castro’s revolutionary aideChe Guevera

Castro’s brotherRaul

U.S. Naval BaseGuantanamo Bay (Gitmo)

Site of failed invasion, 1961Bay of Pigs

Brothers pitching major league baseballLivan and Orlando Hernandez

World high jump record holderJavier Sodomayer

Cyprus

CapitalNicosia

First presidentArchbishop Makarios

Mythical kingPygmalion

Czech Republic (formerly part of Czechoslovakia)

CapitalPrague (City of 1000 Spires)

Prague cathedralSt. Vitus

President, 1992-93, 1993- Vaclav Havel

Leader during Prague Spring, 1968Alexander Dubcek

RegionBohemia

New World Symphony composerAntonin Dvorak

The Bartered Bride composerBedrich Smetana

Female tennis starMartina Navratilova

Male tennis starIvan Lendl

Denmark

Capital and largest cityCopenhagen

PeninsulaJutland

RoyaltyQueen Margarethe II

Other royal namesChristina, Fredrick

Ruling houseOrange

CurrencyKröne

Overseas regionsGreenland and Faroe Islands

FlagDannenbrög (world’s oldest flag)

Glazed earthenware townDelft

AstronomerTycho Brahe

PhilosopherSøren Kierkegaard

ExplorerVitus Bering (Bering Sea and Strait)

PhysicistNiels Bohr

AuthorIsak Dinesen (Karen Blixen)

Short story writerHans Christian Anderson

Piano comicVictor Borge

National drinkAcabee

Copenhagen Harbor figureThe Little Mermaid

Copenhagen amusement parkTivoli Gardens

Dominican Republic (where Columbus is buried)

CapitalSanto Domingo

IslandHispaniola (second-largest island in Caribbean)

East Germany (now part of Germany)

CapitalEast Berlin

Dividing wallBerlin Wall

Berlin Wall crossing pointBrandenburg Gate

Figure skaterKatarina Witt

Ecuador (yes, the equator runs through it)

CapitalQuito

CurrencySucre

LanguageSpanish

Second most widely spoken languageQuechuan

IslandsGalapagos Islands

Egypt

President, 2012-13 (in dispute)Mohamed Morsi

Capital and largest cityCairo (largest city in Africa)

Cairo squareTahrir Square

Second-largest cityAlexandria (founded by Alexander the Great)

Ancient capitalsMemphis, Thebes

DamAswan High Dam

Aswan Dam lakeLake Nasser

RiverNile

CanalSuez

CurrencyPound

Largest pyramidKhufu (a.k.a. Cheops)

King, 1932-52King Farouk

Man who overthrew King Farouk, 1952Abdul Nasser

President, 1970-81Anwar Sadat (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979)

President, 1981-2011Hosni Mubarak

Amenhotep III’s son, 17th century BCAkhenaton

Akhenaton’s wifeNefertiti

Longest ruling female Pharaoh, 14th century BCHatshepsut

King who died at age 18, c. 1350 BCTutankhamen (King Tut)

Book found in ancient tombsBook of the Dead

3rd to 6th B.C.dynastiesOld Kingdom

18th to 30th B.C.dynastiesNew Kingdom

19th dynasty rulersRamses II, Seti I

15th to 18th B.C. century dynastyMamluk

King who fathered 160 childrenRamses II

Christian sectCoptic Church

El Salvador (only Central American country without a Caribbean coastline,

the smallest Central American country)

CapitalSan Salvador

President 1980-82, 1984-89Jose Napoleon Duarte

England- See Great Britain
Estonia

CapitalTallinn

Ethiopia

CapitalAddis Ababa

Emperor 1930-74Haile Selassie (a.k.a. Ras Tafari)

Country newly independent from EthiopiaEritre

Fiji (Pacific island group)

CapitalSuva

Largest islandViti Levu

Finland

CapitalHelsinki (site of Accord on Human Rights)

GulfGulf of Bothnia

CurrencyMarkka

Northern herdsmenLapps (aka Sami)

Cell Phone makerNokia

ComposerJean Sibelius

Finnish-American architectEero Saarinen

Runner known as the “Flying Finn”Paavo Nurmi

France

Capital and largest cityParis

Southern portMarseille

Film festival cityCannes

Brigitte Bardot’s tourist citySt. Tropez

Spa city and World War II capitalVichy

Former seat of the PapacyAvignon

Stained glass cathedral cityChartres

Porcelain cityLimoges

National anthemLes Marseilles

Premier, 1906-09, 1917-20Georges Clemenceau

Chief of Vichey government, 1940-40Marshal Pétain

Current governmentThe Fifth Republic

Fifth Republic leaders:

President, 1958-69Charles de Gaulle

President, 1969-74Georges Pompidou

President, 1974-81Valery Giscard d’Estaing

Socialist president 1981-95Francois Mitterrand

President, 1995-2007Jacques Chirac (former Paris mayor)

President, 2007-12Nicholas Sarkozy

Sarkozy’s wifeCarla Bruni

Current president, 2012-François Hollande

Floral symbolFleur-de-Lis

Paris site, Tomb of the Unknown SoldierArc de Triomphe

Paris gardensTuilleries

Paris riverSeine

Paris’ oldest bridgePont Neuf

Tourist coastCote d’Azur

Mustard regionDijon

Hot summer monthThermidor

Empire including France, 900 A.DCarolingian

12th century minstrelsTroubadours

Ruling house of France, 987-1328Capetians

Middle ages middle classBourgeoisie

Ruling family, 13th to 19th centuryBourbons

Philosopher and Armine Bejart’s loverMolière

French ProtestantsHuguenots

Cardinal whoopposed the HuguenotsCardinal Richelieu

Day the Huguenots were massacredSt. Bartholomew’s Day

Document of the revolution, 1789Declaration of the Rights of Man

Prison stormed by French peasantsBastille

Date of the storming of the BastilleJuly 14, 1789

French leader subject of a David paintingJean-Paul Marat

She killed MaratCharlotte Corday

Leader deposed on 9 Thermidor, 1794Maximilian Robespierre

Robespierre’s supportersJacobins

The Sun King (le Roi Soleil)Louis XIV

Louis XIV’s imprisoned brotherThe “Man in the Iron Mask”

Louis XV’s loverMadame Pompadour

Louis XVI’s QueenMarie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette’s motherMaria Teresa (of the Habsburgs)

Palace built by Louis XIVVersailles

Versailles’ hallHall of Mirrors

Napoleon’s first wifeJosephine

Napoleon’s second wifeMarie Louise

He defeated Napoleon at WaterlooDuke of Wellington

Napoleon’s brother, king of RomeNapoleon II

Napoleon’s brother, king of SpainJoseph Bonaparte

Napoleon’s nephew, emperor of France, 1852-70Napoleon III (Louis Napoleon)

Army major stripped of honor, 1895Major Dreyfus

He defended Major Dreyfus with J’Accuse…Émile Zola

Island where Major Dreyfus was exiledDevil’s Island

Trendsetter and actress, 1890’sSarah Bernhardt

Philosopher, developed analytical geometryRené Descartes

Founder of modern chemistryAntionne Lavoisier

Grand dictionary lexicographerPierre Larouse

Photography pioneer, 19th centuryLouis Daguerre

Famous actress, late 19th century, early 20th centurySarah Bernhadrt

Ballooning brothers, late 18th centuryMontgolfier brothers

Probability pioneerBlaise Pascal

French-Algerian existential authorAlbert Camus

Baby doctorFerdinand Lamaze

Largest auto companyRenault

French Terms

Radical inovationAvant garde

Dispatch in styleDepeche mode

Fatal or dangerous womanFemme Fatale

Gambia (Africa’s smallest mainland country)

CapitalBanjul

Gabon

CapitalLibreville

Georgia

CapitalTbilisi

President 1995-2003Edvard Shevardnadze

MountainsCaucasus

ReligionEastern Orthodox

SeaBlack Sea

Germany

CapitalBerlin

West German capitalBonn

Port and second largest cityHamburg

Twin tower cathedral cityCologne

Oldest European university cityHeidelberg

City destroyed in Allied firestormDresden

Home of Wagner music festivalBayreuth

Capital of BavariaMunich

City known for its bathsBaden Baden

German chancellor, 1871-90Otto von Bismarck  (The Iron Chancellor)

Emperor, 1890-1918Kaiser Wilhelm (William) II

President of German Republic, 1925-34Paul von Hindenburg

West German chancellor, 1949-63Konrad Adenauer (Der Alte)

West German chancellor, 1969-74Willy Brandt (won Nobel Peace Prize, 1971)

West German chancellor, 1974-82Helmut Schmidt

West German and German chancellor, 1982-98Helmut Kohl

German chancellor 1998-2005Gerhard Schröeder

German Chancellor 2009Angela Merkel

Industrial regionRuhr

Former currencyMark (now Euro)

Hamburg riverElbe

17th century transcendental philosopherImmanuel Kant

20th century psychologyGestalt (German school)

1930’s actressMarlene Dietrich

PhysicistMax Planck

German-American physicistAlbert Einstein

ChemistRobert Bunsen

AstronomerJohannes Kepler

PlaywrightBertolt Brecht

Weimar school of arts and craftsBauhaus

Bauhaus architectWalter Gropius

Steel making familyKrupp

Baroque composerJohann Sebastian (J. S.) Bach

J. S. Bach’s composer sonC. P. E. Bach (most famous of several composer sons)

Noble familyHohenzollern

Annual Bavarian partyOktoberfest

16th century Reformation leaderMartin Luther

19th century publisherBaedeker

Airship Zeppelin

Airship, set Atlantic crossing record, 1929Graf Zeppelin

Airship, blew up at Lakehurst, NJ, 1937Hindenburg (“Oh, the humanity”)

Aspirin manufacturerBayer

Harmonica manufacturerHohner

German terms:

SnoutSnorkel

Ghostly doubleDoppelgänger

Child prodigyWunderkind

PipeMeerschaum

CountGraf

SongLied

SubstituteErsatz

DumplingsSpaetzle

Ghana (former Gold Coast)

CapitalAccra

US ambassadorShirley Temple Black

UN Secretary-GeneralKofi Annan

Great Britain

Capital and largest cityLondon

Second largest cityBirmingham

Major riverThames

National anthemGod Save the Queen (King)

Port where the Beatles originatedLiverpool

Hot springs cityBath

Prime minister, 2010-David Cameron

Prime minister, 2007-2010Gordon Brown

Prime minister, 1997-2007Tony Blair

Prime minister, 1990-97John Major

Prime minister, 1979-90Margaret Thatcher

Major and Thatcher’s partyConservative

Prime minister, 1955-57Earl Anthony Eden

Prime minister, 1945-51Clement Attlee

Prime minister, 1940-45, 1951-55Sir Winston Churchill

Prime minister, 1937-40Neville Chamberlain

Prime minister, 1916-22David Lloyd George

Late 19th prime minister four timesWilliam Gladstone

Prime minister, 1874-80Benjamin Disraeli

Lord Protector, 1653-58Oliver Cromwell

Lord Chancellor, 1618-26 and philosopherFrancis Bacon

Rhodes scholars universityOxford

Oxford’s rivalCambridge

Boys prep school, founded by Henry VI in 1440Eton

Private residence of British monarchsBalmoral Castle

Home of British monarchsBuckingham Palace

Palace that burned, 1997Windsor Castle

Prince and Princess of Wales’ homeKensington Palace

Royal seaside resortBrighton

Foreign ambassador’s residenceSt. James Court

London church where monarchs are crownedWestminster Abby

Westminster Abby cemeteryPoets’ Corner

London baroque cathedral (burned 1666)St. Paul Cathedral

London square with Lord Nelson’s statue Trafalgar Square

London area with statue of ErosPiccadilly Circus

London wax museumMadame Tussaud’s

London museum with the Rosetta StoneBritish Museum

London park known for its oratorsHyde Park

London insane asylumBethlam (where the word bedlam comes from)

Conquest of 1066Norman Conquest

Battle ending the Norman ConquestBattle of Hastings

Tapestry depicting Norman ConquestBayeux Tapestry

King who signed the Magna Carta, 1215King John

Place where Magna Carta was signedRunnymede

Ancient astronomical stone relicStonehenge

Stonehenge plainSalisbury

Man murdered in Canterbury CathedralThomas Beckett

13th century scholar and alchemistRoger Bacon

1381 John Bull and Wat Tyler tax revoltPeasant’s Revolt

1455-85 warWar of the Roses

Opponents in the War of the RosesRed vs White (York vs Lancaster)

Battle ending War of the RosesBattle of Bosworth Field

Place where British fleet defeated NapoleonTrafalgar

Admiral at Trafalgar, lost a leg and an eye in battleLord Horatio Nelson

Lord Nelson’s loverEmma Hamilton

British ambassador to Turkey, 1799-1803Lord Thomas Elgin (Elgin Marbles)

Commander defeated at Khartoum, 1884Charles (Chinese) Gordon

Explorer who translated Arabian NightsSir Richard Burton

Explorer who discovered Lake VictoriaJohn Speke

Man who found David LivingstoneHenry Morton Stanley

Conqueror of India, 1755-56 Robert Clive (of Plassey)

Surveyor General of India, 1830-41Sir George Everest

Female in Parliament, 1919-45Lady Nancy Astor

Capital of British IndiaCalcutta

British cavalry troops of IndiaBengal Lancers

British dungeon in IndiaBlack Hole of Calcutta

Mau Mau rebellion countryKenya

Declaration for a Jewish homeland, 1917Balfour Declaration

17th century diarist Samuel Pepys

17th century poet and dramatistJohn Dryden

17th century philosopherJohn Locke

18th century pottery makerJosiah Wedgewood

18th century furniture makerThomas Chippendale

19th century philosopher and mathematicianBertrand Russell

19th century anatomistHenry Grey (Grey's Anatomy)

EngraverWilliam Hogarth

Romance novelistBarbara Cartland

Jockey and mystery writerDick Francis

Female mystery writerAgatha Christi

Landscape painterJohn Constable

Constable’s rivalWilliam Turner

HistorianKenneth Clark

PlaywrightHarold Pinter

News serviceReuters

Insurance AgencyLloyd’s of London

Encyclopedia, debuting in 1768Encyclopedia Britannica

BarristerLawyer

Nanny’s formal nameGoverness

Travel agency founder, 1828Thomas Cook

British West PointSandhurst

British envoy held hostage in LebanonTerry Waite

British ballerinaDame Margo Fonteyn

British-American soccer starDavid Beckam

British terms, a.k.a "Queen's English:

ChipsFrench Fries

BangersSausages

NappyDiaper

DraughtsCheckers

LiftElevator

AubergineEggplant

CanteenCafeteria

TorchFlashlight

BracesSuspenders

LiftElevator

TorchFlashlight

BootTrunk (auto)

SilencerMuffler (auto)

BonnetHood (auto)

ColoniesBelize (British Honduras), Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Guyana, India, Hong Kong, Singapore, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Bahamas, British West Indies (Turks & Caicos), Falkland Islands, United States

Greece

Capital and largest cityAthens

Second largest cityThessalonica

Largest portPiraeus

Prime Minister 1975-89Georgios Papandreou

Last kingConstantine II

Former currencyDrachma (now Euro)

ReligionEastern (Greek) Orthodox

PeninsulaPeloponnesus

Oracle siteDelphi

Athens fortified hilltopAcropolis

Acropolis’ landmarkParthenon

Largest islandCrete

Ancient Crete capitalKnossos

Ancient king of CreteMinos

Second largest islandEuboea

Sappho’s islandLesbos

Tallest mountainOlympus

PlainMarathon

Mountain passThermopylae

Philosopher poisoned by hemlockSocrates

Philosopher and Academy founderPlato

Philosopher, taught Alexander the GreatAristotle 

Theorem mathematicianPythagoras 

First actorThespis

He had a sword hanging over his headDamocles

Physician, doctor’s oath named for himHippocrates

Follower of HippocratesGalen

He sought an honest manDiogenes

Mathematician, founder of hydrostaticsArchimedes

Shipping magnateAristotle Onassis

Greek-American tennis playerPete Sampras

Greek-American opera singerMaria Callas

LiquorOuzo

DrinkMastika

Sandwich with meat in tzatziki sauce on pita breadGyro

Phyllo dough filled with honey, walnuts and pistachiosBaklava

    Greek words:

TreasureThesaurus

Ten wordsDecalogue

RainbowIris

Single letterMonogram

Werewolf Lycanthrope

RugFlokati

Love of manPhilanthropy

Love of treesPhilodendron

To sell aloneMonopoly

The massesHoi polloi

People ruleDemocracy

Without painAnalgesic

Prefixes:

GeoEarth

MonoOne

OmniAll

QuasiIn some sense or degree

ParaApproximately

PhiloLove of

ProtoFirst

PseudoFalse

Grenada

CapitalSt. George’s

Guatemala

CapitalGuatemala City

CurrencyQuetzal

ReligionRoman Catholic

Guinea-Bissau

CapitalBissau

Guyana

CapitalGeorgetown

Haiti

CapitalPort-au-Prince

IslandHispaniola

LanguagesFrench, Creole

President, 1806-20Henri Christophe

President, 1957-71Francois Duvalier (“Papa Doc”)

President, 1971-86 ….Jean-Claude Duvalier (“Baby Doc”)

President, 1991-96, 2001-04Jean-Bertram Aristide (exiled for a time in the US)

Honduras (The Banana Republic)

CapitalTegucigalpa

ReligionRoman Catholic

LanguageSpanish

IslandRoatan

Northern Indians and pyramid buildersMayans

Coastal IndiansMesquita

Hungary

CapitalBudapest

LanguageMagyar

Patron saintSt. Stephen

Year of anti-communist revolt1956

Leader of 1956 revoltImre Nagy

19th century composerFranz Liszt

20th century composerBela Bartok

Tennis playerIlie Nastase

Hungarian-American actress-sistersMagda, Zsa Zsa and Eva Gabor

Iceland (originally part of Denmark, over 100 active volcanoes)

CapitalReykjavik

CurrencyKrona

Major source of energyGeothermal

Major religionLutheranism

12th to 13th century literatureEdda

India (Independent from Britain since 1947)

CapitalNew Delhi

Largest city and financial center Mumbai (Bombay)

Second largest cityDelhi

Movie making district of MumbaiBollywood

CurrencyRupee

Divisional system of societyCaste system

Agra Shrine Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal builderShah Jahan

Prophet of nonviolenceMahatma Gandhi

Gandhi’s successorJawaharlal Nehru

Female prime minister, 1980-84Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter)

Prime minister, 1984-88Rajiv Gandhi (Indira’s son)

Wheel of LawDharma Chakra

Guitar Sitar

Sitar player Ravi Shankar

AuthorSalmon Rhushdi

Indian-American conductorZubin Mehta

Clarified butterGhee

SpiceCurry

Spided teaChai

Site of 1984 Union Carbide disasterBhopal

Gandhi’s “Children of God”Untouchables

Vivian Leigh’s birthplace and tea centerDarjeeling

Former Portuguese colonyGoa

Indonesia

Capital and largest cityJakarta

Jakarta’s IslandJava

Other main islandsSumatra, Borneo, New Guinea

Resort islandBali

Island fighting for independenceEast Timor

Volcanic island, erupted in 1883Krakatoa

Leader forced to resign, 1998Suharto

Suharto’s predecessorSukarno

Iran (formerly Persia)

CapitalTeheran

Shah of Iran, 1941-79Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

Revolutionary government head, 1979-89Ayatollah Khomeini

President, 1989-1997Akbar Rafsanjani

President, 1997-2005Mohammad Khatami

President, 2005-2013 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

President, 2013-Hasan Rowhani

CurrencyRial

PoliceSavak

Persian prophet, 6th century BCZoroaster

Persian poetOmar Khayyam

Persian empire founder, 548 BCCyrus the Great

Persian defeated at Marathon, 490 BCDarius I

Darius’ son, defeated by Greeks, 480 BCXerxes

Iraq

CapitalBaghdad

President, 1979-2006Saddam Hussein

Prime minister, 2006-Nouri Al-Malike

CurrencyDinar

Northern minority groupKurds

Ireland (The Emerald Isle)

Capital and largest cityDublin

Second largest cityCork

Third largest cityLimerick

Glass works cityWaterford

Language Gaelic

AccentBrogue

Patron saintSt. Patrick

Dublin collegeTrinity

CastleBlarney Castle

Kissing stoneBlarney Stone

LakesLakes of Killarney

BrewerGuiness

Province with cycle of stories Ulster

“Little Clover”Shamrock (what St. Patrick used to describe the Trinity)

Dublin theater and companyAbbey Theater

Moaning spiritBanshee

ConventSisters of Mercy

Physicist and chemistRobert Boyle (Boyle’s law)

8th century book of gospelsBook of Kells

1848-49 disasterPotato famine

Rebellion against British rule, 1916Easter Uprising

Hunger strikerBobby Sands

Writer and poetJames Joyce

Female writerMaeve Binchy

Dramatist and Abbey Theater directorJohn Millington Synge

PlaywrightSean O’Casey

Poet who won Nobel Prize for LiteratureWilliam Butler Yeats

Olympic swimmer, 1988Janet Evans

Olympic swimmer, 1996Michele Smith

Irish-American miners“Molly Maguires”

Walking stickShillelagh

Israel

CapitalJerusalem

Former capital and largest cityTel Aviv

First prime ministerDavid Ben-Gurion

Prime Minister, 2001-2006Ariel Sharon

Prime minister, 1999-2001Ehud Barak

Prime minister, 1996-1999, 2009-Benjamin Netanyahu

Prime minister, 1974-77, 1992-95Yitzhak Rabin (Nobel Peace Prize, 1994)

Prime minister, 1977-83Menachem Begin ( Nobel Peace Prize, 1987)

Prime minister, 1984-86, 1995-96Shimon Peres

Foreign minister who wore an eye patch Moshe Dayan

Currency Shekel

Parliament Knesset

Jerusalem gateJaffa Gate

Intelligence agencyMassad

DesertNegev

Salty lakeDead Sea

RiverJordan

Collective farmKibbutz

Group that created IsraelZionists

Italy

Capital and largest cityRome (Roma)

Second largest, capital of LombardyMilan (Milano)

Capital of Piedmont regionTurin (Turino)

The Jewel of the Adriatic Venice (Venezia)

Capital of Tuscany regionFlorence (Firenze)

Prime Minister, 2001-06, 2008-11Silvio Berlusconi

Former prime minister kidnapped and murdered, 1978Also Moro

Northeast Adriatic port Trieste

Galileo’s birthplacePisa

Columbus’ birthplace Genoa

Violin manufacturing centerCremona

Prime Minister 2001-06, 2008-11Silvio Berlusconi

ReligionRoman Catholic

CurrencyEuro (formerly the Lire)

Longest riverPo

Caesar’s riverRubicon

Largest lakeLake Garda

Naples islandCapri

Capri caveBlue Grotto

Largest islandSicily

Sicily capitalPalermo

Sicily volcanoEtna

Second largest islandSardinia

Mainland volcano Vesuvius

Cities Vesuvius buriedPompeii and Herculaneum

Central mountainsApennines

North central mountainsDomolites

Countries within its bordersVatican City and San Marino

Infamous patron of the artsLucretia Borgia

Revolutionary Red Shirts leaderGuiseppe Garibaldi

PhysicistEnrico Fermi

EducatorMaria Montessori

Tenor from ModenaLuciano Pavarotti

Electrostatics and animal physiology pioneerLuigi Galvani

Opera conductorArturo Toscanini

Violin virtuosoNiccolo Paganini

Rome riverTiber

Rome underground cemeteries Catacombs

Rome ancient arena Colosseum

Rome steps leading to Villa BurgheseSpanish Steps

Rome fountainTrevi Fountain

Milan ruling familySforza

Milan opera houseLa Scala

Florence ruling familyMedici

Florence riverArno

Florence fountainFountain of Neptune

Florence art galleryUffizi Gallery

Florence palace used as an art galleryPitti Palace

Venetian artistTitian

Venetian composerAntonio Vivaldi

Venetian leaderDoge

Venetian travelerMarco Polo

Venetian landmark bridge The Rialto

Venetian bridge to the gallowsThe Bridge of Sighs

Venetian canal Grand Canal

Turin auto makerFiat

Turin veil of controversyShroud of Turin

Comedy of MasksCommedia del’ Arte

Bell towerCampanile

Jamaica (third largest Caribbean island)

CapitalKingston

Resort cityMontego Bay

City of “eight rivers”Ocho Rios

MountainsBlue Mountains

Reggae artistBob Marley

LiquorTia Maria

Famous Olympians Jamaican Bobsled Team

Japan

CapitalTokyo

Ancient CapitalKyoto

Largest portYokohama

Largest islandHonshu

Northernmost main island Hokkaido

Southernmost main island Kyushu

Parliament Diet

Currency Yen

Emperor Akihito (125th Emperior)

Akihito’s father Hirohito

Primary religion Shinto

Temple Pagoda

Sacred mountain Mt. Fuji

Ancient ceremony Tea ceremony

Flower Chrysanthemum

Female professional entertainer Geisha

Conductor Seiji Ozawa

Director Akira Kurosawa

Dramas No dramas

Drama theater Kabuki

Tokyo upscale shopping area Ginza

Crime groupYakuza

“Precision” watch maker Seiko

Film maker Fuji

First pocket radio maker Sony

Art of paper folding Origami

Art of flower arranging Ikebana

Art of dwarf tree growing Bonsai

Massage Shiatsu

Self defense Judo

Weaponless martal art.Jujitsu

Sword fightingKendo

Wrestling Sumo

Grill Hibachi

Green liquor Midori

Lute Samisen

Floor mat Tatami

Mafia Yakuza

Ornamental fish Koi

Poison fish Fugu

Three-line poem Haiku

Number of syllables in haiku 17

Hokkaido aborigines Ainu

High speed train Bullet train

Powerful businessman Tycoon

Added to a name for respect San

Act of ceremonial suicide Hara-Kiri

9th to 16th century military dictators Shoguns

Warrior knightsSamurai

Nuclear power plant damaged in 2011Fukushima

Terms:

Thank youDomo arigato

Divine windKamikaze

Empty handKarate

Exalted gateMikado

Long life (10,000 years)Bonzai

Jordan

CapitalAmman (former Philadelphia)

Former nameTransjordan

King, 1999-King Abdul Hussein

King, 1953-99King Hussein I (Abdul’s father)

King Hussein’s wifeQueen Noor (American born)

Historical and archaeological sitePetra

Kazakhstan (world’s largest landlocked country)

CapitalAstana

CurrencyRuble

Space portBalkanor Cosmodrome (leased by Russia)

Kenya

CapitalNairobi

Independence leaderJomo Kenyatta

President, 1978- Daniel arap Moi

Currency Shilling

Languages Swahili and English

Native tribe Masai

Game reserve Masai Mara

Tallest mountain Mt. Kenya

Kuwait

Capital Kuwait City

Laos

Capital Vientiane

Religion Buddhism

Border river Mekong

Ethnic group Hmong

Latvia

Capital Riga

Sea Baltic Sea

Lebanon

Capital Beirut

Valley Bekaa Valley

Tree Cedar (on their flag, used in building Solomon’s temple)

Group of militant Shiite Muslims Hezbollah

Liberia

Capital Monrovia (named after U.S. president James Monroe)

Late dictator Charles Taylor

Libya

Capital Tripoli

Dictator, 1969-2011 Muammar Gaddafi

Gulf Gulf of Sidra

Liechtenstein

Capital Vaduz

Lithuania

Capital Vilnius

Sea Baltic Sea

Luxembourg

Capital Luxembourg

Grand Duke John

Grand Duchess Carlotta

Major religion Catholicism

Macedonia (formerly part of Yugoslavia)

Capital Skopje

Madagascar (former Malagasy Republic)

Capital Antananarivo

Monkey Lemur

Malaysia

Capital Kuala Lumpur

Island Borneo

Peninsula Malay Peninsula

Mali

Capital Bamako

River Niger

Ancient trading center Timbuktu

Malta

Capital Valletta

Knights Knights of St. John (Hospitalers)

Martinique (owned by France)

Capital Fort de France

Dormant volcano Mt. Pelee

City destroyed by Pelee, 1902 St. Pierre

Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos [The United States of Mexico])

Capital and largest city Mexico City

Number of states 31

Leader during Mexican-American war Santa Anna (one leg missing)

Austrian archduke, ruled 1864-67 Maximilian

Maximilian’s Belgian wife Grand Duchess Carlotta

Man who overthrew Maximilian Benito Juarez

President who overthrew Juarez, 1887 Porfirio Diaz

Leader of Mexican revolution, 1910-14 Emilio Zapata

President 1988-94 Carlos Salinas

President, 1994-2000 Ernesto Zedillo

President, 2000-2006 Jefe Vincente Fox

President, 2006- Felipe Calderon

Pyramid-building Indians, central Mexico Aztecs

Pyramid-building Indians, Yucatan Mayans

Aztec conqueror Hernando Cortez (Marquis del Valle de Oaxaca)

Aztec god Quetzalcoatl

Stone carving Indians Olmecs

State and breed of dog was named Chihuahua

Caribbean peninsula Yucatan

Pacific peninsula Baja California

Atlantic gulf Gulf of Mexico

Pacific gulf Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez)

Yucatan resort Cancun

Island off of Yucatan Cozumel

Southern state with insurgency Chiapas

"Spicy" state north of the Yucatan Tobasco

Christmas procession Peseta

Candy-filled toy Piñata

Artist-Muralist Diego Rivera

Diego Rivera’s wife and artist Freda Khalo

Mexican-American male golfer Lee Trevino

Mexican-American female golfer Nancy Lopez

Late Mexican-American singer Selena (Perez)

Monaco

Capital Monaco-Ville

Principal income Gambling

Gambling city Monte Carlo

Current royalty Prince Rainier

Rainier’s children Princesses Caroline and Stephanie, Prince Albert

Prince Rainier’s spouse Princess Grace (Kelly)

Royal house Grimaldi

Currency Monegasque Franc

He broke the bank at Monte Carlo Charles Wells

Mongolia

Capital Ulan Bator

Desert Gobi

Rodent Gerbil

Morocco

Capital Rabat

Port and largest city Casablanca

Well known cities Fez, Marrakesh

King who died in 1999 King Hassan II

King Hassan II’s successor King Sedi Mohammed

North African dish of semolina Couscous

Mozambique

Capital Maputo

Myanmar (former Burma)

New capital starting 2006 Naypyitaw

Former capital Yangon (formerly Rangoon)

United Nations secretary general U Thant

Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1996 Aung San Suu Kyi

Religion Buddhism

River Irrawaddy

Bay Bay of Bengal

Namibia

Capital Windhoek

Desert Namib

Nepal

CapitalKathmandu

Wild ox Yak

“Lost man” of Himalayas Yeti (Abominable Snowman)

Netherlands, The

Seat of government The Hague

Capital and largest city Amsterdam

Port Rotterdam

Pottery making city Delft

Treaty city Maastricht

Former currency Guilder (now Euro)

Royal house Orange

Current Queen Beatrix

Beatrix’ mother Juliana

Juliana’s mother Wilhelmina

Priest and humanist, 1466-1536 Erasmus

Artists Piet Mondrian, Jan Vameer, Rembrandt

Architect Mies Van der Rohe

Explorer Abel Tasman

Oil company Royal Dutch Shell Oil

Area drained for farmland Zuider Zee

Colonies Ceylon, Cape Colony, Indonesia, New York (New Amsterdam),

St. Maarten, Surinam, Aruba

New Zealand

Capital Wellington

Former capital Christchurch

Currency Dollar

Mountains Southern Alps

Islands North Island, South Island

Minor island Chatham Island

Strait Cook Strait

Explorer Sir Edmond Hillary

Bird Kiwi

Extinct bird Moa

Indigenous people Maori

Operatic soprano Kiri te Kanawa

Nicaragua

Capital Managua

Lakes Lake Nicaragua, Lake Managua

Dictator ousted in 1979 Anastasio Somoza

Communist rebels Sandinistas

Rebel leader and president Daniel Ortega

Rebels against Sandinista government Contras

Female president, 1990-97 Violeta Chamorro

Nigeria

Capital Abuja

Former capital and largest city Lagos

Breakaway republic Biafra

North Korea

Capital Pyongyang

Head of government, 1948-94 Kim Il-Sung

Head of government, 1994-2011 Kim Jong Il

Head of government, 2011- Kim Jong Un

U.S. ship captured in 1968 Pueblo

Northern Ireland (part of Great Britain)

Capital Belfast

Northern port Londonderry

Actor Liam Neeson

Norway

Capital and largest city Oslo (former Christiana)

Second largest city Bergen

Currency Kröne

Island Spitsbergen

Betrayer of Norway Vidkun Quisling

Peer Gynt Composer Edvard Grieg

Peer Gynt Playwright Heinrich Ibsen

Explorer Roald Amundsen

"Screaming" Artist Edvard Munch

Actress Liv Ullman

Olympic figure skater Sonja Henie

Ethnologist Thor Heyerdahl

Royal names Haakon, Harold


Pakistan

Capital Islamabad

Former capital, largest city and port Karachi

Currency Rupee

President, 1977-88 Ul-Haq Zia

Prime minister, 1988-90, 1993-96 Benazir Bhutto (assassinated 2007)

President, 001-2008 Perez Musharraf

President, 2008 Asif Ali Zardari

Northern disputed territory Kashmir


Panama (originally part of Columbia)

Capital Panama City

Currency Balboa

Former general and strongman Manuel Noriega


Papua New Guinea

Capital Port Moresby


Paraguay (landlocked in South America)

Capital Asuncion


Peru (South America’s western most country)

Capital Lima

President, 1992- Alberto Fujimori

Indians Incas

Incan dialect Ketchua

Incan city in Andes Macchu Picchu


Philippines, The

Capital and largest city Manila

Former capital Quezon City

Currency Peso

Largest island Luzon

Luzon peninsula (WWII battle site) Bataan

Manila Bay island Corregidor

Largest religious group Roman Catholic

Second largest religious group Islam

Territorial governor, 1901 William Howard Taft

Deposed president Ferdinand Marcos

Marcos’ wife, known for shoe collection Imelda

Exiled and assassinated activist Benigno (Ninoy) Aquino

Female President, 1986-92 Corazon Aquino

Former U.S. airbase Clark

Former U.S. navy base Subic Bay

Volcano Mt. Pinatubo


Poland

Capital and largest city Warsaw

Former capital Krakow (home of John Paul II)

Port Gdansk (a.k.a. Danzig)

Currency Zloty

River Vistula

Gdansk shipyard Lenin shipyard

Union Solidarity

Union leader and president, 1990-95 Lech Walesa (won Nobel Peace Prize)

Composer and pianist Frédéric Chopin

Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus

Pianist and Prime Minister, 1919 Ignace Paderewski

Polish-English novelist Joseph Conrad

Dance Polonaise


Portugal

Capital Lisbon

Currency Escudo

River Tagus

Atlantic island group Azores

Dictator, 1932-68 António Salazar

Instructor to future explorers Prince Henry the Navigator

Royal names Alfonso, Pedro

Wine Port

Wine valley Douro

Former colonies Angola, Goa, Macau (returned to China in 1998), Indonesia, Formosa (Taiwan), Brazil, Cape Verde,Mozambique,Uruguay


Romania (former Moldavia)

Capital Bucharest

Mountains Transylvanian Alps (Carpathians)

Sculptor Constantin Brancusi

Nomadic people Gypsies

Mad king Ludwig II

Royalty Carol I, Carol II

Dictator deposed in 1989 Nikolae Ceausescu

Gymnast Nadia Comaneci

Gymnastics coach Bela Karolyi


Russia (Europe’s most populous and largest country)

Capital and largest city Moscow (home to world's busiest subway)

Largest port St. Petersburg (former Leningrad)

Currency Ruble

Coin Kopeck

Flag colors Red, white and blue

Longest river Volga (longest in Europe)

Moscow citidel Kremlin

St. Petersburg river Neva

Siberian lake Lake Baikal (world’s deepest lake)

Former newspaper Pravda (truth)

News agency Tass

Breakaway republic Chechnya

World’s longest railroad Trans-Siberian Railroad

Trans-Siberian Railroad terminals Moscow to Vladivostok

Father of Soviet H-bomb Andrei Sakharov

Poet Aleksandr Pushkin

Dramatist Nikolai Gogol

Exiled author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Mad monk Grigori Rasputin

Lenin’s majority Bolshevik

Labor camp Gulag

Jeweled egg maker Fabergé

Triangular guitar Balalaika

Royal family Romanov

“Terrible” tsar, 1547-64 Ivan the Terrible

“Great” tsar, 1682-1725 Peter the Great

“Tsarina, built the Hermitage Catherine the Great

Last Romanov tsar, 1894-1918 Nicholas II

Interim prime minister, ousted in 1917 Alexander Kerensky

Soviet dictator, 1918-24 Vladimir Lenin

Soviet dictator, 1929-53 Josef Stalin

Soviet premier, 1953-64 Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet premier, 1964-82 Leonid Brezhnev

Soviet premier, 1982-84 Yuri Andropov

Soviet premier, 1984-85 Constantine Chernenko

Soviet premier, 1985-91 Mikhail Gorbachev (Nobel Peace Prize, 1990)

Russian president, 1991-1999 Boris Yeltsin

Russian president, 1999- Vladimir Putin

Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1975 Andrei Sakharov

Rwanda

Capital Kigali

Majority tribe Hutu

Minority tribe Tutsi


Samoa (formerly Western Samoa)

Capital and largest city Apia

San Marino (The Serene Republic, found entirely within the borders of Italy)

Saudi Arabia (largest country in middle east, world’s largest oil producer)

Capital Riyadh

Islamic holy cities Mecca, Medina

Currency Riyal

Saudi Arabia founder and king, 1925-53 Ibn Saud

King, 1964-75 King Faisal

King, 1975-82 King Khalid

King, 1982-2005 King Fahd

King, 2005 King Abdullah

Peninsula Arabian Peninsula

Scotland (part of Great Britain)

Capital Edinburgh

Largest city Glasgow

Ancient name Caledonia

City and breed of cattle Aberdeen

River Tay

Islands Inner and Outer Hebrides, Orkney Islands

Highest mountain Ben Nevis

Hills Lammermoor

“Brave-hearted” leader William Wallace

Jacobites supported him Bonnie Prince Charlie

Royal house Stuart

Robert I royal house Bruce

Scottish “Robin Hood” Rob Roy

Steam Engine Inventor James Watt

Telephone Inventor Alexander Graham Bell

Philosopher and historian David Hume

Tea Magnate Sir Thomas Lipton

Geologist James Hutton

Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie

Poet and songwriter Robert Burns (Caledonia’s poet)

Robert Burns’ love Mary Campbell

Naturalist John Muir

Missionary in Africa and explorer David Livingstone

Samuel Johnson’s mentor James Boswell

Cabinet maker Duncan Fife

Protestant leader John Knox

Author who died in Samoa Robert Louis Stevenson

Botanist David Douglas (Douglas fir)

Pole tossing game Caber tossing

Dance Highland fling

Senegal

Capital Dakar

Sierra Leone (translated-mountain lion)

Capital Freetown

Singapore (smallest country in Asia, originally part of Malaysia)

Capital Singapore

Currency Dollar

National flower Orchid

Famous hotel Raffles (where the Singapore Sling was invented)

Slovakia (formerly part of Czechoslovakia)

Capital Bratislava

Somalia (located on the “horn of Africa”)

Capital Mogadishu

South Africa

Capitals:

Executive Pretoria

Legislative Cape Town

Judicial Bloemfontein

Indian Ocean port Durban

National park Kruger National Park

River Orange

Southern cape Cape of Good Hope

Provinces Natal, Orange Free State, Transvaal, Cape Province

Currency Rand

Gold coin Krugerrand

Former segregation policy Apartheid

Farmer Boer

19th century Boer leader Paul Kruger

Playwright Athol Fugard

Actress and dancer Juliet Prowse

Martyred leader Steven Biko

Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1984 Desmond Tutu

President, 2009- Jacob Zuma

President, 1984-89 Pieter Botha

Prime minister, 1989-93 and Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1993 F. W. DeKlerk

Prime minister, 1993- and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, 1993 Nelson Mandela

Mandela’s former wife Winnie Mandela

Cape Colony prime minister, 1898 Cecil Rhodes

Heart transplant doctor Dr. Christiaan Barnard

Female author Nadine Gordimer

Female barefoot runner Zola Budd

South Korea

Capital Seoul

Currency Won

President, 1998-2003 and Nobel Peace Prize winner Kim Dae Jung

President, 1948-60 Syngman Rhee

President assassinated in 1979 Park Chung-Hee

Dividing parallel to the north 38th parallel

Major city in the southeast Pusan

Allied invasion site Inchon

Korean War armistice site, 1953 Panmunjon

Symbol on flag Yin and Yang

Female golfer Se Ri Pak

Spain

Capital Madrid

King, 1975- King Juan Carlos

Head of State, 1936-1975 Francisco Franco

Madrid museum Prado

Madrid soccer (football) team Real Madrid

Mediterranean port, capital of Catalonia Barcelona

Southern port Cadiz

Currency Peseta

Former gold coin Doubloon

Mediterranean islands Balearic Islands (Ibiza, Majorca)

Peninsula Iberia

French border mountains Pyrenees

Central mountains Sierra Nevada

Tourist coast Costa del Sol

13th to 15th century tribunal Inquisition

Grand Inquisitor Torquemada

Conqueror of Moorish Valencia in 1091 El Cid

King, 1407-1504 Ferdinand II (of Aragon)

Queen, 1407-1504 Isabella (of Castile)

Ferdinand and Isabella’s daughter Catherine of Aragon

Spanish fleet, 1588 Spanish Armada

16th century military adventurers Conquistadors

Windmill region La Mancha

Indigenous people of Northern Spain Basque

Dialect of northern Spain Catalan

Islamic sect Moors

Last Moorish kingdom Granada

Granada citadel Alhambra

Toledo artist El Greco

The Uprising of the 2nd of May painter Francisco Goya

Islamic art Moorish

Cubist Pablo Picasso

Guitarist Andres Segovia

Cellist Pablo Casals

Fortified wine Sherry

National sport Bullfighting

General Francisco Franco

Royalty names Alfonso XIII, Phillip II

Sri Lanka (former Ceylon)

Capital Colombo

Language Singhalese

Minority separatists Tamils

Author Arthur C. Clarke

Main export Tea

Surinam (former Dutch Guyana)

Capital Paramaribo

Mountains Wilhelmina Mountains

Currency Guilder

Well-known city New Amsterdam

Sudan (largest country in Africa, 10th largest in the world)

Capital Khartoum

Rivers Nile, White Nile, Blue Nile

Sweden

Capital Stockholm

Port and ship building center Göteborg

University Uppsala

Currency Krona

Furnature chain Ikea

U.N. secretary-general Dag Hammarskjöld

1970’s singing group ABBA

Swedish nightingale Jenny Lind

Playwright August Strindberg

Prize fighter Ingemar Johansson

Botanist Carolus Linnaeus (taught at Uppsala)

Assassinated leader Olaf Palm

Diplomat who saved 100,000 lives Raoul Wallenberg

Director Ingmar Bergman

Actor Max Von Sydow

Actress Greta Garbo

Buxom actress Anita Ekberg

Automaker Volvo

Royal names Christina, Oscar, Carl Gustav

Feast Smorgasbord

Turnip Rutabaga

Switzerland (former Helvetia)

Capital Bern

Largest city Zurich

Currency Franc

Zurich airport Lugano

Geographical districts Cantons (23 total)

Lakes Lake Geneva, Lake Zurich

Rivers Rhine, Rhone

The “Gnomes of Zurich” Bankers

Mountain Matterhorn

Protestant reformer John Calvin

Philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau

Male psychiatrist Carl Jung

Female psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

Long wooden horn Alpenhorn

Tennis player Martina Hingis

Syria

Capital Damascus

President, 1971-2000 Hafez al-Assad

President, 2000- Bashar al-Assad

Largest city Aleppo

Southern high ground, held by Israel Golan Heights

Taiwan (a.k.a. Chinese Taipei)

Capital Taipei

Island Formosa

Tanzania

Capital Dodoma

Former capital Dar es Salaam

Union of these former countries Tanganyika and Zanzibar

Language Swahili

National Park Serengeti National Park

Mountain Kilimanjaro

Thailand (former Siam)

Capital Bangkok ("Venice of the East")

Northern city Chiang Mai

Currency Baht

Religion Buddhism

Royalty King Bhumibol (Rama IX)

Resort island Phuket

National flower Orchid

Famous bridge Bridge on the River Kwai

Peninsula Malay Peninsula

Tibet (part of China)

Capital Lhasa

Spiritual leader Dalai Lama (won Nobel Peace Prize)

Trinidad & Tobago

Capital Port-of-Spain


Tunisia (northernmost country in Africa)

Capital Tunis

Ancient city Carthage

Carthage-Roman wars Punic Wars

Turkey

Capital Ankara

Port and largest city Istanbul (formerly Byzantium and Constantinople)

Currency Lira

Peninsula Gallipoli

River Meander

Mountain Mt. Ararat

Lake Lake Van

Empires Byzantine, Ottoman

President, 1923-38 (Mustafa) Kemal Ataturk

He renamed Byzantium Constantinople, 330 AD Constantine I

Byzantine empire ruler, 527-65 Justinian I

“Magnificent” Ottoman ruler, 1520-66 Suleyman the Magnificent

Istanbul inlet Golden Horn

Istanbul Strait Bosporus

Istanbul shrine Hagia Sophia (Santa Sophia)

Istanbul Mosque The Blue Mosque

Uganda

Capital Kampala

Israeli raid city Entebbe

Former dictator Idi Amin

Ukraine (Europe’s second largest country)

Capital Kiev

Peninsula Crimea

Horse solder Cossack

Sea Black Sea

Plains Steppes

Mountains Carpathians

Nuclear power plant Chernobyl (accident in 1986)

Chicken dish Chicken Kiev

United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.)

Capital Abu Dhabi (home to world’s tallest building)

Gulf Persian Gulf

Peninsula Arabian Peninsula

Uruguay

Capital Montevideo

Currency Peso

Uzbekistan

Capital Tashkent

Sea Aral Sea 

Vatican, The (world’s smallest country)

Capital Vatican City

Vatican basilica St. Peter’s Basilica

Vatican chapel Sistine Chapel


Venezuela (named after Venice, Italy)

Capital Caracas (birthplace of Simone Bolivar)

Dictator, 1998-2013 Hugo Chavez

Currency Bolivar

River Orinoco


Vietnam

Capital Hanoi

Southern capital Ho Chi Minh City (former Saigon)

Currency Dong

Rivers Mekong, Red River

Delta Mekong Delta

Gulf Tonkin

Central port Da Nang

Bay Cam Ranh

Site of French defeat, 1954 Dien Bien Phu

North Vietnam leader, 1945-69 Ho Chi Minh

Nobel Peace Prize winner (refused)1973 Le Duc Tho


Wales (part of Great Britain)

Capital Cardiff

Mineral found in large deposits Slate

Poet Dylan Thomas

Actor Richard Burton

Welsh for James Iago

Welsh for William Liam


Yugoslavia

Capital Belgrade

President, 1998-2000 Slobodan Milosevic

Republics Serbia, Montenegro

Breakaway province Kosovo


Zaire (see Congo, Democratic Republic of)

Zambia (former Northern Rhodesia)

Capital Lusaka

Zimbabwe (former Rhodesia, named after Cecil Rhodes)

Capital Harare (former Salisbury)

Head of government, 1987- Robert Mugabe

Last Rhodesian prime minister Ian Smith

For more Royalty Trivia see Game Show Trivia, now in its 6th edition