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Who wrote the semi- autobigiographical novel Go Tell It on the Mountain in 1953?
Who was the first African American actress to star in her own prime-time TV show?
What medal is awarded annually by the NAACP for outstanding achievement?
Who was the first African-American to win an Academy Award?
Who was known as the "One O'clock Jump" band leader?
What botanist published 105 recipes that used peanuts?
Who founded The American Dance Theater in 1954?
Who is this founder of the NAACP?

Black History

First Black:

Woman on a postage stamp..................................................Harriet Tubman
U.S. Poet Laureate...................................................................... Rita Dove
To win Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.......................................... Gwendolyn Brooks
To win Pulitzer Prize for Literature............................................. Alice Walker
Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature............................................ Toni Morrison
Awarded Nobel Peace Prize...................................................... Ralph Bunche
Singer at the Metropolitan Opera.......................................... Marian Anderson
Miss America................................................................... Vanessa Williams
Grammy winner................................................................... Harry Belafonte
Female Grammy winner.......................................................... Ella Fitzgerald
Academy Award winner (Supporting Actress).................................................. ...........................................................Hattie McDaniel (Gone with the Wind)
Best Supporting Actor........ Oscar Lou Gossett, Jr. (An Officer and a Gentleman)
Best Actor Oscar......................................... Sidney Poitier (Lilies of the Field)
Best Actress Oscar............................................... Halle Berry (Monster’s Ball)
U.S. Ambassador to United Nations.......................................... Andrew Young
Supreme Court Justice....................................................... Thurgood Marshall
Surgeon General.................................................................... Jocelyn Elders
Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff................................................. Colin Powell
Congresswoman................................................................. Shirley Chisholm
Woman in the Senate...................................................... Carol Mosley-Braun
To reach the North Pole....................................................... Matthew Henson
In space............................................................................. Leon Bluford, Jr.
Female in space....................................................................... Mae Jemison
Starring role on television....................................... Diahann Carroll (for Julia)
Coach in any professional sport ................................................... Bill Russell
Major League baseball coach.................................................. Frank Robinson
All-American athlete ............................................................... Paul Robeson
Heavyweight boxing champion................................................... Jack Johnson
Masters golf champion.............................................................. Tiger Woods
To win at Wimbledon.............................................................. Althea Gibson
Major League Baseball player (19th century)............... Moses Fleetwood Walker
Major League Baseball player (20th century)........................... Jackie Robinson
American League baseball player (20th century).............................. Larry Doby
In the NBA........................................................... Nate “Sweetwater” Clifton
To hold a patent (corn harvester)................................................. Henry Blair
Mayor of Cleveland ................................................................... Carl Stokes
Mayor of Chicago ........................................................... Harold Washington
Mayor of New York City .......................................................... David Dinkins
Mayor of Los Angeles ............................................................... Tom Bradley
Mayor of Detroit (five times) ................................................. Coleman Young
Female mayor of Washington, D.C...................................... Sharon Pratt Kelly
Mayor of Atlanta ............................................................... Maynard Jackson
To enroll at the University of Mississippi................................. James Meredith
Flying squadron ..................................................... Tuskegee Airmen (WWII)

Other facts:

Man killed at Boston Massacre............................................... Crispus Attucks
Female preacher, abolitionist and activist................................ Sojourner Truth
19th Century Orator and former slave ................................ Frederick Douglass
Preacher who led 1831 slavery insurrection..................................... Nat Turner
Underground Railroad “conductor”........................................... Harriet Tubman
Male tennis champion................................................................ Arthur Ashe
The “Ambassador of love” ......................................................... Pearl Bailey
Playwright born in Harlem, 1924.............................................. James Baldwin
“One O’clock Jump” band leader.................................................. Count Basie
Founder of Ebony and Jet magazines......................................... John Johnson
Former Urban League head and Clinton advisor.......................... Vernon Jordan
Founder of Tuskegee Institute...................................... Booker T. Washington
Peanut cultivator.................................................. George Washington Carver
Aided in developing blood banks............................................... Charles Drew
The voice of Darth Vader..................................................... James Earl Jones
Rat Pack member............................................................... Sammy Davis, Jr.
Chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus......................... Maxine Waters
Texas congresswoman, 1972-78.............................................. Barbara Jordan
Female figure skater................................................................ Debi Thomas
Miss America, 1990................................................................ Debbye Turner
Rainbow Coalition leader......................................................... Jesse Jackson
O.J. Simpson’s defense lawyer............................................... Johnny Cochran
Prosecutor in O.J. Simpson trial......................................... Christopher Darden
CNN Washington anchor.......................................................... Bernard Shaw
Founder of The American Dance Theater......................................... Alvin Ailey
Soprano at Metropolitan Opera, 1976-85................................... Leontyne Price
NAACP founder, 1909............................................................. W.E.B. DuBois
NAACP representative murdered in Mississippi............................ Medgar Evers
Medal awarded by NAACP...................................................... Spingarn Medal
Fund founded at Tuskegee Institute, 1944............... United Negro College Fund
Nationalist leader assassinated in 1965......................................... Malcolm X
Nation of Islam leader......................................................... Louis Farrakhan
Huey Newton and Bobby Seale’s party..................................... Black Panthers
Black Panther leader and newspaper editor............................. Eldridge Cleaver
He coined the term “black power”................................... Adam Clayton Powell
City of the 1955 bus boycott...................................................... Montgomery
Montgomery bus boycott initiator................................................. Rosa Parks
George W. Bush’s National Security Advisor.......................... Condoleezza Rice
City high school integrated, 1956................................................. Little Rock
University integrated in 1962........................................ University of Alabama


For more Black History see Game Show Trivia, now in its 6th edition