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Behistun Inscription What ancient artifact is known as Cuneiform Rosetta Stone?
Alexander the GreatWho was king of Macedonia in 336 B.C.?
StonehengeWhat British Isle Archeological site was built as an astronomical observatory around 1800 b.c.?
CarthageWhat Tunisian city was destroyed at the end of the 3rd Punic War?
Oracle at DelphiWhat was the ancient Greek center of the world?
THE PYRAMIDSWhat is the only of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World still standing?
POMPEIIWhat city was destroyed when Mt. Vesuvius blew its top in 79 A.D.?
gordian knot

Ancient History

Ages of prehistory:

3,000,000 to 8,000 B.C Paleolithic (Early Stone Age)

8,000 to 2,700 B.C Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age)

2,700 to 1,900 B.C Neolithic (Late Stone Age)

1,900 to 500 B.C Bronze Age

500 to 51 B.C Iron Age

Four earliest centers of civilization:

Nile River valley
Indus River valley
Yellow River valley
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Region

Human relative, extinct for 24,000 years Neanderthal

Human relative found on Indonesian island Flores Man (the Hobbit)

Earliest known walled city, c. 9,000 B.C Jericho

Ancient Sumerian city Ur

Ancient North African city Carthage

Ancient Sicilian city Syracuse

Ancient empire of the Tigris River Valley Assyrian Empire

Ancient people of Tigris-Euphrates region Sumerian

Capital of the Assyrian Empire Nineveh

Civilization of southern Mesopotamia Sumeria

School formally founded by Aristotle in 334 b.c Lyceum

Earliest known writing system (Sumerian) Cuneiform

Ancient city of Crete Knossos

Ancient city in Asia Minor Troy

Ancient land “between two rivers” Mesopotamia

Ancient Mesopotamian city Babylon (on Euphrates River)

He created Hanging Gardens of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar II

Uruk king, 2500 B.C Gilgamesh

Legal code giver of Babylon, c. 1780 B.C Hammurabi

Indo-European people of Turkey, c. 1900 B.C Hittites

Astronomical site in Britain, c. 1800 B.C Stonehenge

Ancient mariners from Tyre Phoenicians (founded Carthage)

Civilization of Crete Minoan

Greek war in Asia Minor, c. 1260 B.C Trojan War

Games started in Greece, 776 B.C Olympics

Legal law giver to Athens, 621 B.C Draco

Greek center of the world Oracle at Delphi

Settlers of central Italy, 550 B.C Etruscans

Sparta and Athens war starting 431 B.C Peloponnesian War

King of Macedonia, 336 B.C Alexander the Great

Alexander’s father Phillip of Macedonia

Riddle Alexander solved Gordian Knot

Central Asian nomads, 300 B.C Huns

Site of great library, c. 290 B.C Alexandria (Egypt)

Rome-Carthage wars starting 264 B.C Punic Wars

Carthaginian who invaded Italy, 218 B.C Hannibal

Hannibal’s father Hamilcar

Construction project in Egypt, c. 2600 B.C The Great Pyramid of Cheops

Egyptian Kingdom, 26th to 21st century B.C Old Kingdom

Egyptian dynasty ruled from 323 to 30 B.C Ptolemy

Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt Akhenaten

Akhenaten’s wife Nefertiti

Ancient Egyptian “City of the Sun” Heliopolis

Ancient Egyptian capitals Memphis, Thebes

Ancient Egyptian book, found in tombs Book of the Dead

Ancient Egyptian obelisk Cleopatra’s Needle

Egyptian insect talisman Scarab (beetle)

Central Asia caravan route, c. 110 B.C Silk Road

Empire of Darius and Xerxes Persian Empire

Persian throne Peacock throne

Ancient capital of Laconia Sparta

300 Spartans leader Leonidas

Pass defended by 300 Spartans Thermopylae

Ancient Japanese warrior Samurai (those who serve)

Man-made relic Artifact

Key artifact to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs Rosetta Stone

Cuneiform Rosetta Stone Behistun Inscription

Original location of Elgin Marbles Parthenon

Stone-building Indians of Central America Olmec

Civilization of southern Mexico Aztec

Aztec capitol Tenochtitlan

Civilization of Mexico and Guatemala Maya

Civilization of Peru Inca

Modern location of Ur and Palmyra Syria

Modern location of Babylon Iraq